American Monetary Institute

Bibliography Monetary Theory and Reform

Main Categories:

A. Proposed Legislations and Organizational Endorsements

B. Academic Studies on Sovereign Monetary Theory and Reform

C. Studies Critical of Sovereign Monetary Theory and Reform (including MMT section)

D. Non-academic Advocacy Pamphlets, Reports, Briefings and Books

E. Supporting Studies Addressing Monetary Issues

F. Journalistic Articles Addressing Monetary Reform

G. Educational and Promotional Videos

H. Other Relevant Background Studies

Justification of Categories:

The A-G sequence of categories is meant to be seen as a mandala of concentric rings, starting with the most succinct and thought-through legal expressions of monetary reform and its justifications (A), to its best academic backup (B), to its criticisms and responses (C), to the best reasoned non-academic formulations (D), etc.

Practically the same bibliography can be found on the website of The Alliance for Just Money and the Alpheus web site.

For easy search use the CTRL-F key combination.

A. Proposed Legislations and Organizational Endorsements

Legislation:

Switzerland (2014): Vollgeld Initiative. 2014. “Initiativtext: Eidgenössische Volksinitiative Für krisensicheres Geld: Geldschöpfung allein durch die Nationalbank! (Vollgeld-Initiative)”. Wettingen, Schweiz: Verein Monetäre Modernisierung (MoMo).

United Kingdom (2011): Positive Money. 2011. “Bank of England Creation of Currency Bill”. London: Positive Money. 

United States of America (2006-12): The NEED Act

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2010 (2006). Presenting the American Monetary Act”. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. Precursor of the NEED Act.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2014 (2006). Presenting the American Monetary Act / The 32-Page Brochure”. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. Extensive introduction to, and final version of, the NEED Act.

United States of America (2012): H.R.2990 - National Emergency Employment Defense Act of 2011 (NEED Act). 112th US Congress (2011-2012). 

Congressional Research Service. 2012. Summary of H.R. 2990 (NEED Act)

Endorsements:

The Northeast Ohio American Friends Service Committee (AFSC). 2012. “Endorsement of National Emergency Employment Defense (NEED) Act, Hr 2990”. February, 2012. 

Chicago Teachers Union. 2012. ”Resolution to Support: The National Employment Emergency Defense (NEED) Act, H.R. 2990". 9 Jan 2012. 

The International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers Union (Local 126, Chicago area). 2012. "Resolution to Support: The National Emergency Employment Defense Act – HR 2990”. 7 Mar 2012. 

Green Party US. 2014. “Monetary Reform (Greening the Dollar)”. July 2014. 

Green Party – UK. 2015. “For the Common Good: General Election Manifesto 2015”. London: The Green Party of England and Wales. 

B. Academic Papers and Monographs on Sovereign Monetary Theory, 100% Reserve Banking and Monetary Reform

Abel, Istvan and Lehmann, Kristof and Tapaszti, Attila. 2016. “The Controversial Treatment of Money and Banks in Macroeconomics”. Financial and Economic Review, 15/2 (June 2016): 33–58.

Allais, Maurice. 1987. “The Credit Mechanism and its Implications”. In: Feiwel, George R. (Ed.), Arrow and the Foundations of the Theory of Economic Policy. Essays in Honor of Kenneth J. Arrow. New York: NYU Press, 491–561.

Allen, William R. 1993. “Irving Fisher and the 100 Percent Reserve Proposal“. The Journal of Law and Economics, 36/2: 703-717.

Al-Jarhi, Mabid. 2016. “The Nature of Money in Modern Economy – Implications and Consequences”. JKAU: Islamic Economics, 29/2 (July 2016):75-79. Also: Munich Personal RePEc Archive (MPRA), no. 72238, 10 May 2016.

Andresen, Trond. 2018. "On the Dynamics of Money Circulation, Creation and Debt–a Control Systems Approach." PhD Thesis, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, October 2018.

Angell, James W. 1935. “The 100 Per Cent Reserve Plan”. Quartely Journal of Economics, 50/1: 1–35.

Andresen, Trond. 2018. On the Dynamics of Money Circulation, Money Creation and Debt. A Control Systems Approach. Academic Dissertation, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim. 

Asensio, Angel. 2015. “Money Neutrality”. Entry in Rochon & Rossi, The Encyclopedia of Central Banking. 366-367.

Bardy, Josiah J. 2017. "Selecting an Alternative National Banking System Against Fractional Reserve Free Banking: The Greatest Modern Fraud?." Senior Thesis, Liberty University, Spring 2017.

Baruchello, Giorgio. 2013. “Review Essay of Economists and the Powerful: Convenient Theories, Distorted Facts, Ample Rewards. Häring, Norbert, & Douglas, Niall, London: Anthem Press, 2012”. Economics, Management, and Financial Markets, 8/2: 216-225.

Baruchello, Giorgio. 2017. "The Money Mystique”. The European Legacy, 1-4.

Becklumb, Penny & Frigon, Mathieu. 2015. How the Bank of Canada Creates Money for the Federal Government: Operational and Legal Aspects (In Brief)Ottowa, Canada: Library of Parliament. 10 Aug 2015.

Bezemer, Dirk J. 2014. "Schumpeter Might Be Right Again: The Functional Differentiation of Credit". Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 24/5: 935-950.

Bezemer, Dirk J.. 2016. "Towards an ‘Accounting View’ on Money, Banking and the Macroeconomy: History, Empirics, Theory". Cambridge Journal of Economics, 40/5 (1 Sep 2016):1275–1295.

Bezemer, Dirk & Hudson, Michael. 2016. "Finance is not the economy: Reviving the conceptual distinction." Journal of Economic Issues, 50/3: 745-768.

Bezemer, D. & Ryan-Collins & J., van Lerven, F. & Zhang, L. 2018. “Credit Where It’s Due: A Historical, Theoretical and Empirical Review of Credit Guidance Policies in the 20th Century“. UCL Institute for Innovation and Public Purpose Working Paper Series, No. 2018-11.

Binswanger, Mathias. 1996. “Money Creation, Profits and Growth: Monetary Aspects of Economic Evolution”. In E. Helmstadter & M. Perlman (Eds), Behavioral Norms, Technological Progress and Economic Dynamics: Studies in Schumpeterian Economics. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 413–37.

Binswanger, Mathias. 2015. “Money Creation and Economic Growth”. Entry in Rochon & Rossi, The Encyclopedia of Central Banking, 357-359.

Bjerg, Ole. 2014. Making Money: The Philosophy of Crisis Capitalism. London & New York: Verso.

Bjerg, Ole. 2015. "Is there life after debt? Revolution in the age of financial capitalism.” Finance and Society, 1/1: 81-89.

Bjerg, Ole. 2017. “Designing New Money: The Policy Trilemma of Central Bank Digital Currency.” Copenhagen Business School. Working Paper, June 2017. 

Bjerg, Ole & Duncan McCann & Laurie Macfarlane & Rasmus Hougaard Nielsen & Josh Ryan-Collins. 2017. "Seigniorage in the 21st Century: A Study of the Profits from Money Creation in the United Kingdom and Denmark”. Copenhagen Business School Working Paper. January 2017. 

Bjerg, Ole & Hansen, Bonbo. "Financial vampires and the walking debt: The monsterology of post-crisis capitalism". Copenhagen Business School. [Forthcoming; Spanish translation]

Blain, Bob. 2014. "The Root of US Public and Private Debt, as Told by the Pen of History." Michigan Sociological Review, 28: 70-88.

Block, Walter E. & Barnett, William. 2011. “Time Deposits, Dimensions and Fraud”. Journal of Business Ethics, 88: 711-716.

Braun, Benjamin. 2016. "Speaking to the People? Money, trust, and central bank legitimacy in the age of quantitative easing." Review of International Political Economy, 23/6: 1064-1092.

Brunner, Karl. 1966. "The Role of Money and Monetary Policy". Federal Reserve Bank. Research Department. Also in: Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, 50 (July): 8-24.

Burke, Sara L. 2012. "An International Crisis of Social Justice, Occupy Wall Street and the Realm of Policy". Maastricht School of Management. Working Paper No. 2012/29.

Burton, Mark. 2015. “Debt dynamics in the UK and beyond: how propaganda impedes effective political action”. Chapter in press: S Degirmencioglu and C Walker (Eds.), The Personal Debt Industry: International Perspectives. London: Palgrave. 

Carpenter, Seth & Demiralp, Selva. 2010. “Money, Reserves, and the Transmission of Monetary Policy: Does the Money Multiplier Exist?” Finance and Economics Discussion Series. 2010-14. Federal Reserve Board.

Carruthers, Bruce G. 1999. City of Capital: Politics and Markets in the English Financial Revolution. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Carruthers, Bruce G. & Sarah Babb. 1996. “The Color of Money and the Nature of Value: Greenbacks and Gold in Postbellum America”. American Journal of Sociology, 101: 1556–1591.

Chari, V.V. & Phelan, Christopher, 2014. "On the social usefulness of fractional reserve banking". Journal of Monetary Economics, 65/C: 1-13.

Chiarella, Carl, et al. 2011. "Stock Market Booms, Endogenous Credit Creation and the Implications of Broad and Narrow Banking for Macroeconomic Stability." Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, 83/3 (2012): 410-423.

Chick, Victoria. 1986. “The Evolution of the Banking System and the Theory of Saving, Investment and Credit”. Economies et Societiés, 3; reprinted in: Chick, Victoria (Ed.), 1992, On Money, Method and Keynes. New York: St Martin’s Press.

Chick, Victoria. 1993. “The Evolution of the Banking System and the Theory of Monetary Policy”. In Frowen, S.F. (Ed.), Monetary Theory and Monetary Policy: New Tracks for the 1990s, London: Macmillan, 79–92.

Cochrane, John H. 2014. "Toward a Run-Free Financial System". SSRN, 16 April 2014.

Currie, Lauchlin. 1934. A Proposed Revision of the Monetary System in the United States. Submitted to the Secretary of the Treasury, Henry Morgenthau. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Reprinted in Currie, Lauchlin. 1968. The Supply and Control of Money in the United States. New York: Russell & Russell.

Currie, Lauchlin. 2004. “The 100 Percent Reserve Plan: August 12, 1938”, Journal of Economic Studies 31/3–4: 355–365.

Davanzati, Guglielmo Forges. 2015. “Nicholas Kaldor on endogenous money and increasing returns”. Post Keynesian Economics Study Group Working Paper 1505. 

Davis, Raymond E. 2018. “White Paper For The 33% Public Money Initiative: A Monetary ReformAgenda for the United States of America”. Monetary reform Task Force.

Decker, Frank. 2017. "Central Bank or Monetary Authority? Three Views on Money and Monetary Reform". Economic Affairs, 37/3: 343-356.

Demeulemeester, Samuel. 2018. “The 100% Money Proposal and its Implications for Banking: The Currie–Fisher Approach versus the Chicago Plan Approach“. The European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 25/2: 357-387.

Desan, Christine. 2010. “Coin Reconsidered: The Political Alchemy of Commodity Money“. Theoretical Inquiries in Law, 11/1 ( Article 13: 361-409.

Desan, Christine. 2019. “Money Creation by the Federal Reserve: A Note on the Basics of Legal Authority”.

Deutsche Bundesbank. “The Role of Banks, Non- Banks and the Central Bank in the Money Creation Process”. Deutsche Bundesbank Monthly Report, 69/4 (April 2017): 13-33.

Deutsche Bundesbank. “How Money is Created”. Topics. 4 Apr 2017.

Dimand, Robert W. 1993. “100 Percent Money: Irving Fisher and Banking Reform in the 1930s”. History of Economic Ideas: 59-76.

Di Muzio, Tim. 2015. The 1% and the Rest of Us: A Political Economy of Dominant Ownership. Zed Books Ltd. (Amazon)

Di Muzio, Tim. 2016. “Energy, Capital as Power and World Order”. In: Cafruny A., Talani L. & Pozo Martin G. (Eds), The Palgrave Handbook of Critical International Political Economy. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Di Muzio, Tim & Robbins, Richard. 2016. Debt as Power: Theory for a Global Age. Manchester, UK: Manchester U.P.

Di Muzio, Tim & Robbins, Richard. 2017. An Anthropology of Money: A Critical Introduction. London: Routledge.

Di Muzio, Tim & Robbins, Richard. 2020. “Capitalized Money, Austerity and the Math of Capitalism“. Current Sociology, 68/2: 149–168.

Di Muzio, Tim & Noble, Leonie. 2017. “The Coming Revolution in Political Economy: Money Creation, Mankiw and Misguided Macroeconomics ". Real-World Economics Review, 80 (26 June 2017): 85-108. 

Dittmer, Kristofer. 2015. “100 Percent Reserve Banking: A Critical Review of Green Perspectives”. Ecological Economics, 109: 9–16.

Dixhoorn, Charlotte van. 2013. The Nature of Money. Dissertation. Master in Science Thesis Sustainable Development, Utrecht University.

Dow, Sheila C. 2006. “Endogenous Money: Structuralist”. In: Arestis, Phillip & Sawyer, Malcolm (Eds.), A Handbook of Alternative Monetary Economics, Cheltenham, UK & Brookfield, USA: Edward Elgar, 35-51.

Douglas, Paul H. & Fisher, Irving et al. 1939. A Program for Monetary Reform. MS.

Dow, Sheila. 2016. "The Political Economy of Monetary Reform". Cambridge Journal of Economics, 40/5 (1 Sep 2016):1363–1376,

Dumitrica, Delia & Achterberg, Eline . 2017. "Digital Activism and the Civic Subject Position: A Study of the Ons Geld (Our Money) Citizen Initiative in the Netherlands". E-Democracy and Open Government (CeDEM), 2017 Conference. IEEE.

Dumitrica, Delia. 2017. "Ons Geld, Citizen Initiative, Netherlands: Voice or Chatter?" IT for Change.

Dutraive, Véronique & Théret, Bruno. 2017. "Two Models of the Relationship between Money and Sovereignty: An Interpretation Based on John R. Commons’s Institutionalism". Journal of Economic Issues, 51/1: 27-44.

Dyson, Ben & Graham Hodgson, & Frank van Lerven. 2016. "A response to critiques of ‘full reserve banking’." Cambridge Journal of Economics, 40/5: 1351-1361. [Response to Fontana, G. & Sawyer, M. 2016].

Eckrich, Lucille L. T. 2017a. “Monetary Critique and Student Debt”. In Hartlep, Nicholas et al (Eds.). The Neoliberal Agenda and the Student Debt Crisis in US Higher Education. Routledge Studies in Education, Neoliberalism, and Marxism Vol 13. New York & London: Routledge, 50-72.

Eckrich, Lucille L. T. 2017b. “Monetary Transformation and Public Education”. In Hartlep, Nicholas et al (Eds.). The Neoliberal Agenda and the Student Debt Crisis in US Higher Education. New York & London: Routledge, 233-250.

Etzrodt, Christian. 2018a. "Modern Sovereign Money—Part I: The Moral Hazard of Fractional Reserve Banking". Open Journal of Social Sciences, 6/9: 101-115.

Etzrodt, Christian. 2018b. "Modern Sovereign Money—Part II: A Synthesis of the Chicago Plan, Sovereign Money, and the Modern Money Theory". Open Journal of Social Sciences, 6/9: 116-135.

European Central Bank. 2015. "What is Money". European Central Bank, 24 Nov 2015.

Evans, Trevor. 1997. “Marxian Theories of Credit Money and Capital”. International Journal of Political Economy, 27/1: 7-42.

Figuera, Stefano. 2015. “Banking and Currency Schools”. Entry in Rochon & Rossi, The Encyclopedia of Central Banking, 28-29.

Fisher, Irving. 1933. “The Debt-Deflation Theory of Great Depressions”. Econometrica, 1/4: 337–57.

Fisher, Irving. 1997 (1935). 100 per cent Money. Works Vol. 11, ed. and introduced by William J. Barber. London: Pickering & Chatto.

Fisher, Irving. 2009 (1936). “100% Money and the Public Debt”. Economic Forum (Spring 1936): 406-420.

Frame, Iain. 2012. “Country Rag Merchants” and “Octopus Tentacles”: An Analysis of Law’s Contribution to the Creation of Money in England and Wales, 1790-1844. Thesis, Harvard Law School.

Frame, Iain. 2015. “‘Country Rag Merchants’ and English Local Currencies in the Late Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Century“. Journal of Law and Society, 42/4: 588-610.

Frame, Iain. 2020. “Between the ‘Bank Screw’ and ‘Affording Assistance’. Rules, Standards, and the Bank Charter Act of 1844.” The Modern Law Review, 83/1: 64-90.

Friedman, Milton. 1948. “A Monetary and Fiscal Framework for Economic Stability”, American Economic Review, 38/3: 245–264.

Friedman, Milton. 1959. A Program for Monetary Stability. New York: Fordham University Press.

Friedman, Milton. 1969. The Optimum Quantity of Money and other Essays. Chicago: Aldine.

Friedman, Milton 1969. “The Monetary Theory and Policy of Henry Simons”. In: Friedman, Milton (Ed). 1969. The Optimum Quantity of Money and other Essays. New York: Aldine de Gruyter. Pp. 81–94.

Godin, Antoine. 2015. “Money and Credit”. Entry in Rochon & Rossi, The Encyclopedia of Central Banking. 354-356.

Goodhart, Charles A. E. 1984. Monetary Policy in Theory and Practice. London: Macmillan.

Goodhart, Charles A. E. 1989. Money, Information and Uncertainty, 2nd edn, London: Macmillan.

Goodhart, Charles A. E. 1989. "Has Moore become too Horizontal?" Journal of Post-Keynesian Economics, 14 (Fall): 134–6.

Goodhart, Charles A. E. 1998. “The Two Concepts of Money: Implications for the Analysis of Optimal Currency Areas”. European Journal of Political Economy, 14: 407–432.

Goodhart, Charles & Hudson, Michael. 2018. “Could/should jubilee debt cancellations be reintroduced today?” Discussion Paper DP12605. London: Centre for Economic Policy Research.

Grasselli, Matheus R., and Alexander Lipton. 2019. "The Broad Consequences of Narrow Banking". International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Finance, 22/01 (2019).

Graziani, A. 2003. The Monetary Theory of Production. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Greco, Thomas H., Jr. N.d. “A Book Review of The Lost Science of Money: The Mythology of Money: The Story of Power by Stephen Zarlenga”. Academia.edu. 

Grierson, Philip. 1977. “The Origins of Money”. Research in Economic Anthropology, 1: 1-35.

Gross, Marco & Siebenbrunner, Christoph. 2019. "Money Creation in Fiat and Digital Currency Systems". IMF Working Paper WP/19/285.

Häring, Norbert. 2013. "The Veil of Deception over Money: How Central Bankers and Textbooks Distort the Nature of Banking and Central Banking." Real-World Economics Review, 62: 2-18.

Hart, Albert G. 1935. “The Chicago Plan of Banking Reform”. The Review of Economic Studies, 2: 104–116. Reprinted in: Friedrich A. Lutz & Lloyd W. Mints (Eds.). 1951. Readings in Monetary Theory. Homewood, Ill.: Richard D. Irwin, 437–456.

Hirota, Yasuyuki Miguel. 2016. "Reshuffling The Monetary And Financial System: Lessons from The Social And Solidarity Economy". 2nd Annual Conference of the Monetary and Economic Research Center, Economic Lessons, Perspectives And Challenges From The Balkans, University of National and World Economy (UNWE), Sofia, Bulgaria, 13-14 October 2016: 31-51.

Hockett, Robert C. & Omarova, Saule. 2015. “Public Actors in Private Markets: Toward a Developmental Finance State.” Washington University Law Review, 93: 103-175.

Hockett, Robert C. & Omarova, Saule. 2016. “Challenging the Financial Intermediation Myth“. The CLS Blue Sky Blog, 17 Oct 2016.

Hockett, Robert C. & Omarova, Saule. 2017. “The Finance Franchise“. Cornell Law Review, 102: 1143-1218.

Holmes, Alan. 1969. "Operational Constraints on the Stabilization of Money Supply Growth". Controlling Monetary Aggregates, (1969): 65-77.

Howells, Peter. 2006. “The Endogeneity of Money: Empirical Evidence“. In: Arestis, Philip, & Malcolm C. Sawyer (Eds.), A Handbook of Alternative Monetary Economics. Cheltenham, UK & Brookfield, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing. 52-68.

Huber, Joseph. 1999. “Plain Money: A Proposal for Supplying the Nations with the Necessary Means in a Modern Monetary System”. Der Hallesche Graureiher, 99/3. 

Huber, Joseph. 2012. “Monetary and Banking Reform: Bringing back in the Monetary Fundamentals of Finance”. Journal of Economy & Society / Gazdaság & Társadalom (Hungary), 4/1-2: 38–53.

Huber, Joseph. 2013. “Modern Money and Sovereign Currency”. Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform

Huber, Joseph. 2014a. “Modern Money Theory and New Currency Theory”. Real-World Economics Review, 66, (13 Jan 2014): 38-57. 

Huber, Joseph. 2014b. "Sovereign Money in Critical Context: Responding to criticism of monetary reform from a variety of economic viewpoints". Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform, Oct 2014. 

Huber, Joseph. 2014c. “Neo-Austrians between Gold Standard, 100% Reserve, and Free Banking. Notes on the occasion of reading Jesús Huerta de Soto Money, Bank Credit, and Economic Cycles, Auburn, Al.: Ludwig von Mises Institute, 2009 (2nd ed)”.

Huber, Joseph. 2014d. “Monetary reform as incremental innovation.” Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform. 

Huber, Joseph. 2014e. “Many roads lead to Rome – not all by the shortest path. Reflections on The Chicago Plan Revisited in comparison to plain sovereign money”. Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform.

Huber, Joseph. 2014f. “How to emulate plain single-circuit sovereign money with a 100%-reserve system”. Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform.

Huber, Joseph. 2015a. “The Chicago Plan (100% Reserve) and Plain Sovereign Money”. Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform, Jan 2015.

Huber, Joseph. 2015b. “Side notes to van Suntum, Ulrich & Neugebauer, Tom”. Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform. 2015. 

Huber, Joseph. 2015c. “Monetary Puzzlement”. Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform. Jan 2015

Huber, Joseph. 2016a. "Monetary Workarounds: Central-bank digital currency and sovereign money accounts – Intermediate approaches to monetary reform”. Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform. Nov 2016

Huber, Joseph. 2016b. “Critical Remarks on R. Werner's Typology of Banking Theories: Including an explanation why bankmoney is separate, but not independent from central-bank money”. Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform.

Huber, Joseph. 2017a. Sovereign Money. Beyond Reserve Banking. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Huber, Joseph. 2017b. “Split-Circuit Reserve Banking: Functioning, Dysfunctions and Future Perspectives”. Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform. Jan 2017.  And in: Real-World Economics Review, 80 (26 june 2017): 63-84

Huber, Joseph. 2017c. “Does finance no longer need money? On the links between money and credit, in reply to a study sponsored by the Swiss Bankers Association”. Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform, Aug 2017. [Rebuttal of Bacchetta 2017]. 

Huber, Joseph. 2017d. "Critical notes on the Bundesbank publication “Remarks on a 100% reserve requirement for sight deposits “ in Bundesbank Monthly Report, Vol. 69, No. 4, April 2017, 30 – 33”. Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform.

Huber, Joseph. 2017e. “The Case for a Central-Bank Currency Register: Accounting for Sovereign Money on Banks' and Central Banks' Balance Sheets. Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform. 

Huber, Joseph. 2017f. “What is sovereign money? Why it must be put on the agenda and what a sovereign money system would look like”. Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform. Jan 2017.

Huber,Joseph. 2018a. “Monetary Reform Light: Sovereign digital currency coexisting with bankmoney”. Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform, Jan 2018.

Huber, Joseph. 2019. "Digital currency. Design principles to support a shift from bankmoney to central bank digital currency". Real-world economics review (2019): 76.

Huber, Joseph. 2020. "Dominant Money." Part I. Dominant Money and Tidal Changes in the Money Supply; Part II. The rise of sovereign digital currency (CBDC). Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform, Jan 2020. Also available at SSRN 3513411

Huber, Joseph. n.d.. “Currency and Banking Teachings. A frame of reference of lasting relevance to modern money systems”. Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform. 

Huber, Joseph & Robertson, James. 2000. Creating New Money: A Monetary Reform for the Information Age. London: New Economics Foundation. 

Hudson, Michael. 1994. “The Archaeology of Collapse: A 4000 Year Perspective” with Fred Harrison, in A Philosophy for a Fair Society. London: Shepheard-Walwyn, 7-31.

Hudson, Michael. 1998. “Land Monopolization, Fiscal Crises and Clean Slate ‘Jubilee’ Proclamations in Antiquity”. In A Philosophy for a Fair Society: 33-79. Also in Robert C. Hunt and Antonio Gilman (Eds.), Property in Economic Context. University Press of America, Monographs in Economic Anthropology, 14: 139-169.

Hudson, Michael. 1998. “Land Taxation in Mesopotamia and Classical Antiquity”. In Robert Andelson (Ed.), Land-Value Taxation Around the World. New York: Robert Schalkenbach, 17-35.

Hudson, Michael. 1999. “The Economic Roots of the Jubilee”. Bible Review, (15 Feb 1999): 26-33, 44.

Hudson, Michael. 1999. “Just how did ancient bureaucrats set their interest rates?” Archaeological Odyssey, 2 (July/Aug 1999): 6-7.

Hudson, Michael. 1999. “From Sacred Enclave to Temple to City”. In Hudson, Michael. & Levine, Baruch (Eds.), Urbanization and Land Ownership in the Ancient Near East. Cambridge, MA: Peabody Museum Harvard, 117-191.

Hudson, Michael. 2003. “The Cartalist / Monetarist Debate in Historical Perspective”. In Edward Nell and Stephanie Bell (Eds.). The State, The Market and The Euro. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 39-76.

Hudson, Michael. 2004. “The Development of Money-of-Account in Sumer’s Temples”. In Michael Hudson and Cornelia Wunsch (Eds.), Creating Economic Order: Record-Keeping, Standardization and the Development of Accounting in the Ancient Near East. Bethesda, MD: CDL Press. 303-329.

Hudson, Michael. 2004. “The Archaeology of Money in Light of Mesopotamian Records”. In L. Randall Wray (Ed.), Credit and State Theories of Money: The Contributions of A. Mitchell Innes,  Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Hudson, Michael. 2009 (1992). Trade, Development and Foreign Debt. Dresden, Germany: ISLET Press.

Hudson, Michael. 2010. America’s Protectionist Takeoff, 1815-1914: The Neglected American School of Political Economy. Dresden, Germany: ISLET Press.

Hudson, Michael. 2012. Finance Capitalism and its Discontents: Interviews and Speeches, 2003-2012. Dresden, Germany: ISLET Press

Hudson, Michael. 2014. The Bubble and Beyond: Fictitious Capital, Debt Deflation and Global Crisis. Dresden, Germany: ISLET Press

Hudson, Michael. 2015. Killing The Host: How Financial Parasites And Debt Bondage Destroy The Global Economy. Dresden, Germany: ISLET Press.

Hudson, Michael. 2017. J Is For Junk Economics: A Guide To Reality In An Age Of Deception. Dresden, Germany: ISLET Press.

Hudson, Michael2018. …and forgive them their debts: Lending, Foreclosure and Redemption From Bronze Age Finance to the Jubilee Year. Dresden, Germany: ISLET Press.

Hudson, Michael. & Levine, Baruch (Eds.). 1999. Urbanization and Land Ownership in the Ancient Near East. Cambridge, MS: Peabody Museum Harvard.

Hudson, Michael & Van De Mieroop, Marc (Eds.). 2002. Debt and Economic Renewal in the Ancient Near East. Bethesda, MD: CDL Press.

Hudson, Michael & Bezemer, Dirk. 2012. "Incorporating the Rentier Sectors into a Financial Model." World Social and Economic Review, 1/1: 1-12. 

Ingham, Geoffrey. 2004. "The Emergence of Capitalist Credit Money." In L. Randall Wray (Ed.), Credit and State Theories of Money: The Contributions of A. Mitchell Innes. Edward Elgar. 173-223. 

Ingham, Geoffrey & Coutts, Ken & Konzelmann Sue. 2016. "Introduction: ‘Cranks’ and ‘Brave Heretics’: Rethinking Money and Banking after the Great Financial Crisis". Cambridge Journal of Economics, 40/5 (1 Sep 2016):1247–1257.

Jackson, T. & Victor, P. 2015. “Credit Creation and the ‘Growth Imperative’ – A Quasistationary Economy with Debt-Based Money“. PASSAGE Working Paper 15/01. Guildford: University of Surrey.

Jaffar, Syammon & Adam Abdullah & Ahamed Kameel Mydin Meera. 2017. "Fiat Money: From the Current Islamic Finance Scholars’ Perspective." Humanomics, 33/3: 274-299. 

Jakab, Zoltan& Kumhof, Michael. 2014. "Models of Banking: Loanable Funds or Loans that Create Funds?". International Monetary Fund. Supplementary Material for the Paper.

Jakab, Zoltán & Kumhof, Michael. 2015. “Banks Are Not Intermediaries of Loanable Funds–And Why This Matters”. Bank of England Working Paper 529 (London).

Jakab, Zoltan, and Michael Kumhof. 2018. "Banks are not Intermediaries of Loanable Funds—Facts, Theory and Evidence". Bank of England Working Paper No. 761, 26 Oct 2018.

Jensen, Hugo Frey. 2014. “Money at the bank is also good money”. Danmarks National Bank, Press Release (23 Sep 2014). 

Kaldor, Nicholas. 1970. “The New Monetarism”. Lloyds Bank Review, 97: 1–17. 

Kaldor Nicholas. 1985. “How Monetarism Failed”. Challenge, 28/2 (May-April): 4-13.

Kaldor, Nicholas & Trevithick J. 1981. “A Keynesian Perspective on Money”. Lloyds Bank Review, 108: 1-19.

Keen, Steve. 2015. “Debt Deflation”. Entry in Rochon & Rossi, The Encyclopedia of Central Banking. 138-140.

Keen, Steve. 2015. “Credit Bubble”. Entry in Rochon & Rossi, The Encyclopedia of Central Banking. 114 -116.

Kelton, Stephanie & Nell, Edward (Eds.). 2003. The State, the Market, and the Euro: Chartalism Versus Metallism in the Theory of Money. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

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Røpke, Inge. 2017. "Sustainability and the Governance of the Financial System: What Role for Full Reserve Banking?" Environmental Policy and Governance 27/3: 177-192.

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Sissoko, Carolyn. 2015. “The Bank-Centered View of the Money Market Part I: Why Banks Are Different“. USC Gould School of Law, Center for Law and Social Science (CLASS) Research Papers Series No. CLASS15-4, 20 Jan 2015.

Skidelsky, Robert. 2019. Money and Government: The Past and Future of EconomicsNew Haven, CT: Yale University Press. (Review)

Smithin, John. 2016. "Some Puzzles About Money, Finance and the Monetary Circuit". Cambridge Journal of Economics, 40/5 (1 Sep 2016):1259–1274.

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Tanweer Ali. 2014. "Money as Metaphor". On the Horizon, 22/4: 297-307.

Timberlake, Richard H. 2013. Constitutional Money: A Review of the Supreme Court's Monetary Decisions. A Cato Institute Book. Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Turner, Aidar. 2010. “What do Banks Do? Why do Credit Booms and Busts Occur and What can Public Policy Do about it?”. In The Future of Finance: The LSE Report. London: London School of Economics and Political Science. 3-63.

Turner, Aidar. 2013. “Debt, Money and Mephistopheles: How do we get out of this mess?”. Published by Group of Thirty, Occasional Paper no. 87. 

Turner, Aidar. 2015. “The Case for Monetary Finance – An Essentially Political Issue”. Paper presented at the 16th Jacques Polak Annual Research Conference hosted by the IMF, Washington, D.C. 

Tymoigne, Eric. 2016. "Government Monetary and Fiscal Operations: Generalising The Endogenous Money Approach". Cambridge Journal of Economics, 40/5 (1 Sep 2016):1317–1332

Vallageas, Bernard. 2015. “Money Creation”. Entry in Rochon & Rossi, The Encyclopedia of Central Banking. 356-357.

Van Egmond, Nicolas D. & de Vries, Bert J.M. 2016. “Dynamics of a sustainable financial-economic system”. Sustainable Finance Lab Working Paper. Utrecht University, The Netherlands.

Van Egmond, Nicolas D. & de Vries, Bert J.M. 2017. "Modelling the dynamics of the financial-economic system; understanding the current ‘money as debt’ crisis". To be published.

Weber, Beat. 2018. Democratizing Money?: Debating Legitimacy in Monetary Reform Proposals. Cambridge: Cambridge UP

Werner, Richard A. 1997. "Towards a New Monetary Paradigm: A Quantity Theorem of Disaggregated Credit, With Evidence from Japan". Kredit und Kapital, 30/2 (July 1997): 276–309 .

Werner, Richard A. 2005. New Paradigm in Macroeconomics: Solving the Riddle of Japanese Macroeconomic Performance. Basingstoke, UK & New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Werner, Richard A. 2012a. “Towards a new research programme on ‘banking and the economy’ — Implications of the Quantity Theory of Credit for the prevention and resolution of banking and debt crises”. International Review of Financial Analysis, 25/5 (December 2012): 94-105.

Werner, Richard A. 2012b. “How to Turn Banks into Financial Intermediaries and Restore Money Creation and Allocation Powers to the State”. University of Southampton, Center for Banking, Finance and Sustainable Development, Policy Discussion Paper, No. 3-12 (8 Nov 2012): 2-9. 

Werner, Richard. 2012. “Time for Green Quantitative Easing: How to Generate Green, Sustainable Growth at No Cost”. Policy News 3/1. Southampton: University of Southampton, Centre for Banking, Finance and Sustainable Development.

Werner, Richard A. 2014a. “Can a bank create money out of nothing? Using accounting information to test the three theories of banking empirically”. Finance and sustainable development discussion paper, CBFSD 2-2014, Southampton. University of Southampton Center for Banking.

Werner, Richard A. 2014b. “Can banks individually create money out of nothing? The theories and the empirical evidence”. International Review of Financial Analysis, 36 (2014): 119. 

Werner, Richard A. 2014c. “How do banks create money, and why can other firms not do the same? An explanation for the coexistence of lending and deposit-taking”. International Review of Financial Analysis, 36 (2014): 7177. 

Werner, Richard A. 2015a. “Credit Creation”. Entry in Rochon & Rossi, The Encyclopedia of Central Banking. 116-118.

Werner, Richard A. 2015b. “Credit Guidance”. Entry in Rochon & Rossi, The Encyclopedia of Central Banking. 123-125.

Werner, Richard A. 2015c. “Quantity Theory of Credit ”. Entry in Rochon & Rossi, The Encyclopedia of Central Banking. 416-418.

Werner, Richard A. 2016. “A lost century in economics: Three theories of banking and the conclusive evidence”. International Review of Financial Analysis, 46 (July 2016): 361-379

Werner, Richard A.. 2018. "Interest Rate Moves – Causes and Consequences for Investors". PowerPoint Presentation, Hook, UK, 1 Feb 2018.

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Wray, Randall L. 1999. “An Irreverent Overview of the History of Money from the Beginning of the Beginning through to the Present”. Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, 21/4: 679-687.

Wray, L. Randall (Ed). 2004. Credit and State Theories of Money. The Contributions of A. Mitchell-Innes. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Wray, Randall L. 2012. “Introduction to an Alternative History of Money“. Levy Economics Institute, Working Paper 717.

WRR. 2019. Money and Debt: The Public Role of Banks - Summary of WRR Report. The Hague: Netherlands Scientific Council for Government Policy.

Yamaguchi, Kaoru. 2004. "Money Supply and Creation of Deposits: SD macroeconomic modeling (1)”. In Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, Oxford, England, 2004. The System Dynamics Society.

Yamaguchi, Kaoru. 2005. "Aggregate Demand Equilibria and Price Flexibility: SD macroeconomic modeling (2)”. In Proceedings of the 23nd International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, Boston, USA, 2005. The System Dynamics Society.

Yamaguchi, Kaoru. 2006. "Integration of Real and Monetary Sectors with Labor Market: SD macroeconomic modeling (3)”. In Proceedings of the 24th International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, 2006. The System Dynamics Society.

Yamaguchi, Kaoru. 2007. "Balance of Payments and Foreign Exchange Dynamics: SD macroeconomic modeling (4)”. In Proceedings of the 25th International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, Boston, USA, 2007. The System Dynamics Society.

Yamaguchi, Kaoru. 2008. "Open Macroeconomies as a Closed Economic System: SD macroeconomic modeling completed (5)." Proceedings of the 26th International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, Athens, Greece, 2008.

Yamaguchi, Kaoru. 2010. “On the Liquidation of Government Debt under A Debtfree Money System: Modeling the American Monetary Act”. In Proceedings of the 28th International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, Seoul, Korea, 2010. The System Dynamics Society.

Yamaguchi, Kaoru. 2011. “Workings of a Public Money System of Open Macroeconomies: Modeling the American Monetary Act Completed”. In Proceedings of the 29th International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, Washington D.C., USA, 2011. The System Dynamics Society. 

Yamaguchi, Kaoru. 2012. “On the Monetary and Financial Stability under A Public Money System (Revised): Modeling the American Monetary Act Simplified”. Paper presented at the 8th Annual AMI Monetary Reform Conference in Chicago, USA, Sept. 20 - 23, 2012. It was originally presented at the 30th International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, St. Gallen, Switzerland, July 22 - 26, 2012. 

Yamaguchi, Kaoru. 2014-17. "Money and Macroeconomic Dynamics: Accounting System Dynamics Approach". Edition 3.2. Awaji Island, Japan: Japan Future Research Center. 

Yamaguchi, Kaoru. 2014. “From Debt Money to Public Money System – Modeling A Transition Process Simplified“. Paper presented at the 32nd International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, Delft, Netherlands, July 20 – 24, 2014. Awaji Island, Japan: Japan Futures Research Center.

Yamaguchi, Kaoru. 2017. “A Transition to the Public Money System”. Chapter 17 in: Yamaguchi, Kaoru. 2014-17. “Money and Macroeconomic Dynamics: Accounting System Dynamics Approach. Edition 3.2. Awaji Island, Japan: Japan Future Research Center. 

Yamaguchi, Kaoru. 2017. “Money and Its Creation”. Chapter 5 in: Yamaguchi, Kaoru. 2014-17. “Money and Macroeconomic Dynamics: Accounting System Dynamics Approach. Edition 3.2. Awaji Island, Japan: Japan Future Research Center.

Yamaguchi, Kaoru & Yamaguchi, Yokei. 2016. “Peer-to-Peer Public Money System”. Japan Futures Research Center, Working Paper No. 02-2016, Nov 2016.

Yamaguchi, Kaoru, Ph.D. & Yamaguchi, Yokei. 2016. "Head and Tail of Money Creation and its System Design Failures: Toward the Alternative System Design". JFRC Working Paper No. 01-2016. Japan Futures research Center.

Yamaguchi, Kaoru & Yamaguchi, Yokei. 2019. "Money Stock Equals Total Domestic Debts: Theory of Debt Money". JFRC Working Paper No. 04-2019. Japan Futures Research Center.

Yang, Xuechun. 2019. "Credit as a Crux in China’s Economic Growth: Credit Expansion and its Influences on China’s Real Economy". Unpublished Master Thesis for the degree of Master of Science in Management, Technology and Economics (MTEC), Swiss Federal Institute Of Technology, Zurich.

Zaman, Asad. 2016. "The Battle for the Control of Money". Journal of King Abdul Aziz University: Islamic Economics, 29/2 (July 2016): 75-80.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2004. "The Lost Science of Money". European Business Review, 16/5: 540-44.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2005. “Moving Monetary Reform to the 'Front Burner'”. American Review of Political Economy, 3/1 (March 2005): 39-84. 

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2010c. Refutation of Menger’s Theory of the Origin of Money“. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. 

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2011. “How the Economists Facilitated the Crisis and Must Now Be Held Accountable”. Address at the Eastern Economic Association, 26 Feb 2011. In 3 parts. Huffington Post. The Blog. 7 June 2011. Part I ; Part II ; Part III 

Zarlenga, Stephen & Poteat, Robert. 2016. “The Nature of Money in Modern Economy: Implications and Consequences”. Journal of King Abdulaziz University: Islamic Economics, 29/2 (July 2016): 57-73.

Zeddies, Lino. N.D. “Profit opportunities for the banking system due to deposit money creation and potentials of a sovereign money reform”. Master Thesis at the Department of Economics, Free University Berlin.

Zhu, Yu & Scott Hendry. 2018. “A Framework for Analyzing Monetary Policy in an Economy with E-money“. Available at SSRN 3318915.

C. Critiques of Just Money Theory and Reform (and responses to critiques) & MMT Discussion (critiques and responses to critiques)

C.1. Critiques of Just Money Theory

Aguilar, Victor. 2006. “An Answer To Stephen Zarlenga”.  Axiomatic Theory of  Economics web site. 

Bacchetta, Philippe. 2017. "The Sovereign Money Initiative in Switzerland". Swiss Finance Institute / CEPR / Université de Lausanne. [For rebuttal see Huber 2017c and Gomez 2017].

Challen, Peter & Mouatt, Simon & Shakespeare, Rodney. 2011. "The State-Issue of Currency without Usury." In Mouatt, Simon & Adams, Carl (Eds.), Corporate and Social Transformation of Money and Banking. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 205-218.

Deutsche Bundesbank. “The Role of Banks, Non- Banks and the Central Bank in the Money Creation Process”. Deutsche Bundesbank Monthly Report, 69/4 (April 2017): 13-33. [for Critical notes see Huber 2017d]. 

Dixhoorn, Charlotte Van. 2013. "Full Reserve Banking: An analysis of four monetary reform plans". A Study For The Sustainable Finance Lab, Utrecht, The Netherlands. 

Dow, Sheila. 2016. “The Political Economy of Monetary Reform”. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 40/5: 1363–1376.

Dow, Sheila & Johnsen, Gudrun & Montagnoli, Alberto. 2015. “A Critique of Full Reserve Banking”. Sheffield Economic Research Paper no. 2015008. 

Fontana, G. & Sawyer, M. 2016. “Full Reserve Banking: More ‘Cranks’ than ‘Brave Heretics”. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 40/5: 1333–1350 [Response by Dyson et al 2016].

Goodhart, Charles A. E. & Jensen, Meinhard A. 2015. A Commentary on Patrizio Lainà’s ‘Proposals for Full-Reserve Banking: A Historical Survey from David Ricardo to Martin Wolf’: Currency School versus Banking School: An Ongoing Confrontation”. Economic Thought, 4/2 (28 Sep 2015): 20-31. 

Grussner, Kaj. 2010. “The Dangers of Monetary Reform”. Mises Daily Articles. 18 Feb 2010. 

Mouatt, Simon. 2008. “Evaluating Stephen Zarlenga's Treatment of Historical Monetary Thought”. International Journal of Social Economics, 35/11: 846-856.

Musgrave, Ralph. 2014. “https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/57955/1/MPRA_paper_57955.pdf">The Solution is Full Reserve / 100 % Reserve Banking”. MPRA Working Paper No. 57955, 14 Aug 2014.

Nersisyan, Y. & Wray, L. R. 2016. “Modern Money Theory and the Facts of Experience”. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 40/5: 1297–1316

Pettitfor, Ann. 2014. “Why I disagree with Martin Wolf and Positive Money”. Prime, 26 April 2014. [Response by Positive Money 2014]. 

Pettifor, Ann. "Out of thin air: Why banks must be allowed to create money." Juncture 21/1: 43-47.

Ricks, Morgan. 2017. "Safety First: The Deceptive Allure of Full Reserve Banking”. A response to Adam J. Levitin, “Safe Banking: Finance and Democracy”. Vanderbilt University Law School Public Law and Legal Theory, Working Paper Number 16-35. The University of Chicago Law Review Online, 83/1: 113-23.

Rimkus, Ron. 2016. “Vollgeld: What It Means for Fractional Reserve Banking in Switzerland”. CFA Institute. 

van Suntum, Ulrich & Neugebauer, Tom. 2015. “Vollgeld, Public Debt, and the Natural Rate of Interest”. Working Paper, Centrum für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung Münster (CAWM), June 2015. [Response by Huber 2015b].

Walser, Rudolf & Baumberger, Jörg. 2014. “Empty Hopes for Full Reserve Banking: Why measured steps are a better way of reforming the financial system than bold leaps”. Avenir Suisse, 25 Mar 2014. 

 Wray, Randall L. 2014. “Debt-Free Money: A Non-Sequitur in Search of a Policy”. New Economic Perspectives. 1 July 2014. 

C.2. Responses to Critiques of Sovereign Monetary Theory and Reform

Dyson, Ben & Graham Hodgson, & Frank van Lerven. 2016. "A response to critiques of ‘full reserve banking’." Cambridge Journal of Economics, 40/5: 1351-1361. [Response to Fontana, G. & Sawyer, M. 2016].

Gomez, Christian. 2017. “M. Bacchetta, the Swiss Banking Association and the Economic Science: An ill-assorted Love Triangle. A reply to Ph. Bacchetta’s Article: “The Sovereign Money Initiative in Switzerland: An Assessment”. [Rebuttal of Bacchetta 2017].

Huber, Joseph. 2014-18. “Confronting Criticism”. Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform.

Huber, Joseph. 2015b. “Side notes to van Suntum, Ulrich & Neugebauer, Tom”. Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform. 2015.

Huber, Joseph. 2017c. “Does finance no longer need money? On the links between money and credit, in reply to a study sponsored by the Swiss Bankers Association. Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform, Aug 2017. [Rebuttal of Bacchetta 2017]. 

Huber, Joseph. 2017d. ”Critical notes on the Bundesbank publication “Remarks on a 100% reserve requirement for sight deposits“ in Bundesbank Monthly Report, Vol. 69, No. 4, April 2017, 30 – 33”. Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform. 

Positive Money. 2014. “Why we Disagree with Ann Pettifor”. London: Positive Money, 27 June 2014. [Response to Pettifor 2014]. 

Positive Money. 2015. “Sovereign Money – Common Critiques”. London: Positive Money, 22 Aug 2015. 

Discussions on Modern Monetary Theory (MMT)

C.3. Critiques of MMT:

Byrne, Adrian & Hodgson, Graham. 2019. “Modern Monetary Theory and Monetary Reform Considered“. The Money Question, 27 Sep 2019.

Eder, Jeff. 2020. "The Deficit Myth and Modern Monetary Theory Revised: The Canadian Version". Review of The Deficit Myth by Stephanie Kelton. Progressive Money Canada, July 2020.

Eder, Jeff. 2021. “Modern Money, Forget Theory: Debunking the MMT S(TAB) Hypothesis”. Progressive Money Canada, 29 April 2021.

Every, Michael. 2019. "Mmm . . . MMT". Utrecht: Rabobank/RaboResearch, 15 April 2019.

Febrero, Eladio. 2009. "Three Difficulties with Neo-chartalism". Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, 31/3: 523-541.

Fiebiger, Brett. 2012. "Modern Money Theory and the ‘Real-World’ Accounting of 1-1<0: The U.S. Treasury Does Not Spend as per a Bank". In Fiebiger, Brett et al. 2012. Modern Monetary Theory: A Debate.

Fiebiger, Brett. 2012. "A Rejoinder to 'Modern Money Theory: A Response to Critics' ”. In Fiebiger, Brett et al. 2012. Modern Monetary Theory: A Debate.

Harrison, Edward. 2019. “MMT For Dummies”. Credit Writedowns, Mar 1 2019.

Henwood, Doug. 2019. "Modern Monetary Theory Isn’t Helping". Jacobin, 21 Feb 2019.

Huber, Joseph. 2013. “Modern Money and Sovereign Currency”. Sovereign Money: Website for New Currency Theory and Monetary Reform.

Huber, Joseph. 2014a. “Modern Money Theory and New Currency Theory”. Real-World Economics Review66, (13 Jan 2014): 38-57.

Huber, Joseph. 2019a. “Modern Money Theory revisited – still the same false promise“. Sovereign Money, March 2019.

Lavoie, Marc. 2013. "The monetary and fiscal nexus of neo-chartalism: a friendly critique". Journal of Economic Issues, 47/1: 1-32.

Lonergan, Eric. 2016. "Debt-Free Money: A Brief Reply to Randall Wray". London, Positive Money. 

Lonergan, Eric. 2016. "Accounting as Religion: Buffett, Derrida, and MMT". London, Positive Money.

Mitchell, Rodger Malcolm. 2018. "The Stunning Differences Between MMT And MS". Monetary Sovereignty - Mitchell.

Murphy, Robert P. 2011. "The Upside-Down World of MMT". Mises Daily Articles, 23 Jan 2019. Ludwig von Mises Institute.

Palley, Thomas I. 2014. “The Critics of Modern Money Theory (MMT) are Right”. IMK Working Paper, No. 132, Institut für Makroökonomie und Konjunkturforschung (IMK), Hans-Böckler-Stiftung, Düsseldorf.

Palley, Thomas I. 2015. "Money, Fiscal Policy, and Interest Rates: A Critique of Modern Monetary Theory". Review of Political Economy, 27/1: 1-23. Also published as IMK Working Paper, No. 109, Hans-Böckler-Stiftung, Institut für Makroökonomie und Konjunkturforschung (IMK), Düsseldorf.

Palley, Thomas I. 2019. “Macroeconomics vs. Modern Money Theory: Some Unpleasant Keynesian Arithmetic“. Post Keynesian Economics Society, Working Paper, No1910.

Roche, Cullen. 2011. "Modern Monetary Theory (MMT) Critique". Pragmatic Capitalism, 7 Sept 2011.

Schuller, Govert. 2018. "Introduction to the Problem with Modern Monetary Theory (MMT)". Alpheus, 6 Nov 2018.

Walsh, Steven & Zarlenga, Stephen. 2012. “https://www.monetary.org/14-frontpage/99-ami-s-evaluation-of-modern-monetary-theory-mmt">Evaluation of Modern Monetary Theory”. AMI Research Paper.

C.4. Responses to Critiques of MMT

Bell [Kelton], Stephanie. 2000 "Do Taxes and Bonds Finance Government Spending?" Journal of Economic Issues, 34/3: 603-620.

Carter, Zach. 2018. "Stephanie Kelton Has The Biggest Idea In Washington". HuffPost, 5 May 2018.

Fiebiger, Brett & Fullwiler, Scott T. & Bell, Stephanie & Wray, L. Randall. 2012. "Modern Monetary Theory: A Debate". Political Economy Research Institute Working Paper 279, University of Massachusetts Amherst.

Fullwiler, Scott T. 2010. "Modern monetary theory-a primer on the operational realities of the monetary system". Available at SSRN 1723198.

Fullwiler, Scott T. & Stephanie Bell & L. Randall Wray. 2012. "Modern Money Theory: a response to critics". SSRN - Elsevier, 2008542, 15 Jan 2012.

Kelton, Stephanie & Andres Bernal &Greg Carlock, 2018. "We Can Pay For A Green New Deal". HuffPost, 30 Nov 2018.

Montier, James. 2019. “Why Does Everyone Hate MMT?” GMO.

Ruml, Beardsley. 1946. "Taxes for Revenue are Obsolete". American Affairs, January 1946.

Tymoigne, E. and Wray, L.R. 2013. “Modern Money Theory 101: A Reply to Critics”. Working Paper No. 778. Annandale-on-Hudson, NY: Levy Economics Institute of Bard College.

Tymoigne, Eric, and L. Randall Wray. 2015. "Modern Money Theory: A Reply to Palley". Review of Political Economy, 27/1: 24-44. .

Veale, Spencer. 2018. “Positive Money Meets Modern Monetary Theory“. Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh Positive Money.

Wray, L. Randall. 2014. “From the State Theory of Money to Modern Money Theory: An Alternative to Economic Orthodoxy“. Levy Economics Institute, Working Papers Series, 792.

Wray, L. Randall. 2019. "Response to Doug Henwood’s Trolling in Jacobin". New Economic Perspectives. 25 Feb 2019.

D. Non-academic Advocacy Pamphlets, Reports, Briefings & Books

AMI, 2010. “Kucinich Proposes Landmark Reform of Monetary Policy”. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute.

Bikas, Konstantin & Livingstone, Zack. 2020. “Money We Trust: Designing Cash’s Digital Counterpart”. London: Positive Money.

Bongiovanni, Joe. 2016. "That's Not The Devil, That's Real Money". Econintersect, 8 Feb 2016.

Bongiovanni, Joe. 2016. "Further Considerations On Lord Turner's Monetary Finance Proposal". Econintersect, 3 April 2016.

Clarke, David. 2017. “Poll Shows 85% of MPs Don’t Know Where Money Comes From“. London: Positive Money. 

Clark, Thomas G. 2013. “How the Green party is miles ahead of the game on monetary policy”. Another Angry Voice. Blog.

Coates, Delman. 2017. “The New Abolitionism: Monetary Reform and the Future of Social Justice”. The New Abolitionism Campaign for Monetary Freedom. 

Coleridge, Greg . 2009. “A Call to Democratize Money”, Part I. By What Authority

Cook, Richard C. 2007a. “An Emergency Program of Monetary Reform for the United States”. Global Research, 26 April 2007. 

Cook, Richard C. 2007b. “Monetary Reform and How a National Monetary System Should Work”. Global Research, 11 May 2007. 

Cook, Richard C. 2007c. “Credit as a Public Utility: the Key to Monetary Reform“. Global Research, 26 May 2007.

Cook, Richard C. 2009a. “It’s Time for a New Monetary System”. Global Research, 23 Mar 2009. 

Cook, Richard C. 2009b. “Democratizing the US Monetary System: Urgency of the American Monetary Act”. Global Research, 6 May 2009. 

Cook, Richard C. 2009. We Hold These Truths: The Hope of Monetary Reform. Aurora, CO: Tendril Press. Review by Jamie Walton for AMI, 23 Dec 2010. 

2013 Daly, Herman. 2013. “Nationalize Money, not Banks”. The Daly News, 4 Feb 2013.

De Fremery, Robert. 1979. "Nozick and Locke's Proviso”. A review of Robert Nozick's Anarchy, State, and Utopia. Land & Liberty (Nov-Dec 1979). 

De Fremery, Robert. 1992. Rights vs. Privileges: An Analysis Of Two Powerful Privileged Interests That Have Deprived Us Of Fundamental Rights. San Anselmo, CA: Provocative Press.

Distelhorst, Dick. N.d. "The Dick Distelhorst Plan". Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute.

Distelhorst, Dick. 2010. “Here’s the Blueprint for Prosperity for All”. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. 

Distelhorst, Dick. Nd. “Review of The Future of Money by Bernard Lietaer”. Published by London: Arrow Books, 2001. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. 

Dyson, Ben. 2016. “KPMG Iceland presents new report on Sovereign Money”. International Movement for Monetary Reform, 5 Sep 2016. 

Dyson, Ben & Hodgson, Graham. 2014. “Increasing Competition In Payment Services”. London: Positive Money.

Dyson, Ben & Hodgson, Graham. 2016. “Accounting for Sovereign Money: Why State-Issued Money is not ‘Debt’“. London: Positive Money. 

Dyson, Ben & Graham Hodgson. 2016. "Digital Cash: Why Central Banks Should Start Issuing Electronic Money”. London: Positive Money. 

Dyson, Ben & Tony Greenham & Josh Ryan-Collins & Richard A. Werner. 2010. “Towards a Twenty-First Century Banking and Monetary System”. Submission to the Independent Commission on Banking, 2010. 

Dyson, Ben & Graham Hodgson & Frank van Lerven. 2016. Sovereign Money: An Introduction. London: Positive Money. 

Dyson, Ben & Graham Hodgson & Andrew Jackson. 2015. “Would a Sovereign Monetary System Be Flexible Enough?” London: Positive Money. 

Doorman, Frans. 2015. “Our Money: Towards a new monetary system”. Morrisville, NC: Lulu internet publishers.

Eder, Jeff. 2019. "The Costs of Money Creation and Complexity". Progressive Money Canada.

Egnatz, Nick. 2013. “Occupying the NEED Act”. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. 

Egnatz, Nick. 2014. “Getting What We NEED”. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. 

Egnatz, Nick. 2014. “Linking Social Justice to Monetary Reform”. Alpheus. 25 Dec 2014. 

Egnatz, Nick. 2015. “Surgery Prescribed for the Debt Money Disease: Fighting for the NEED Act”. Alpheus. 14 Oct 2015. 

Emry, Sheldon. 1984. "Billions for Bankers--Debts for the People". Lord's Covenant Church.

Erken, Hugo & Every, Michael & van Harn, Erik-Jan. 2020. "Money printing: First, do no harm". Utrecht: Rabobank/RaboResearch, 20 July 2020.

Fisher, Irving & Cohrssen, Hans R.L. 1934. Stable Money: A History of the Movement. New York: Adelphi Company.

Fuller, Edward W. 2019. "100% Banking and Its Advocates: A Brief History". The Cobden Centre, 30 Oct 2019.

Gomez, Christian. 2017.M. Bacchetta, the Swiss Banking Association and the Economic Science: An Ill-assorted Love Triangle. A reply to Ph. Bacchetta’s Article: “The Sovereign Money Initiative in Switzerland: An Assessment”. [Rebuttal of Bacchetta 2017]. 

Greco, Thomas H, Jr. 1990. Money and Debt: A Solution to the Global Crisis. Knowledge Systems

Greco, Thomas H, Jr. 2001. Money: Understanding and Creating Alternatives to Legal Tender. White River Junction, VT & London, UK: Chelsea Green.

Greco, Thomas H, Jr. 1994. New Money for Healthy Communities. Greco Publishing.

Greco, Thomas H, Jr. 2009. The End of Money and the Future of Civilization. White River Junction, VT & London, UK: Chelsea Green.

Grewal, Subir. 2020. Struggling Amidst Plenty: A Layperson’s Guide To Our Awful Monetary System, Why it’s the Root Cause of Inequality, Debt, and “Too Big to Fail,” & The Little-Known Way to Fix It. Published by author.

Hammon, Virginia. 2018. US Money: What is it? Why We Must Change. How We Can. Portland: Great Democracy Media.

Hammon, Virginia & Pash, Mark. 2019. How We Pay for a Better World. Portland: Great Democracy Media.

Hixson, William F. 1991. A Matter of Interest: Reexamining Money, Debt, and Real Economic Growth. Westport, CT & London: Praeger.

Hixson, William F. 1993. Triumph of the Bankers. Money and Banking in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. Westport, CT & London: Praeger.

Hixon, William F. 1997. It’s Your Money. Canada: Comer Publications.

Hodgson, Graham. 2013. “Banking, Finance and Income Inequality”. London, Positive Money. 

Hutchinson, Frances & Mary Mellor & Wendy Kay Olsen. 2002. The Politics of Money: Towards Sustainability and Economic Democracy. London: Pluto Press.

Jackson, Andrew & Dyson, Ben. 2012. Modernising Money: Why Our Monetary System Is Broken And How It Can Be Fixed. London: Positive Money.

Jackson, Andrew & Dyson, Ben. 2013. “Sovereign Money – paving the way for a sustainable recovery”. London: Positive Money

Jaikaran, Jacques S. 1992. Debt Virus: A Compelling Solution to the World's Debt Problems. Lakewood, CO: Glenbridge Publishing.

Jan, Stefanie von. 2020. "Money Creation in the Fiat System — A Balance Sheet Analysis of Central Banks and Banks". Stefanie von Jan Web site. 27 April 2020.

International Movement for Monetary Reform. "Manifesto". 

Joób, Mark. 2013. “Democratic Accountability of Business and Monetary Reform”. In Preiss, Bert & Brunner, Claudia (eds.), Democracy in Crisis. The Dynamics of Civil Protest and Civil Resistance. Zürich & Berlin: LIT Verlag. Pp. 35-55. 

Joób, Mark. 2013. “What's Wrong with the Current Monetary System”. P2PF/Wiki.

Joób, Mark. 2013. “Concerning: 141st congress 2012-2013. No. 262 - 239th issue.Letter to the parliament of Iceland regarding monetary reform. 

Joób, Mark. 2014. “Sovereign Money will strengthen Democracy and Private Property”. London: Positive Money. 

Keen, Steve. 2017. Can We Avoid Another Financial Crisis? Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Kennedy, Margrit. 2012. Occupy Money: Creating an Economy Where Everybody Wins. Philadelphia: New Society Publishers.

Kennedy, Margrit & Kennedy, Declan. 1995. Interest and Inflation Free Money: Creating an Exchange Medium That Works for Everyone and Protects the Earth. Philadelphia: New Society Publishers.

Kent, Christopher. 2018. Money – Born of Credit?”. Remarks at the Reserve Bank of Australia's Topical Talks Event for Educators, Sydney, 19 Sept 2018.

Kortsch, Ulrich (Ed.). 2014. The Next Money Crash--And How to Avoid It. Proceedings from a Conference at the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia Building. Bloomington, IN: iUniverse.

Kortsch, Uli. 2016. Monetary Trust Initiative“. Wiki P2P Foundation, 14 July 2016.

Kortsch, Uli (Ed.). 2021. The Next Money Crash--And a Reconstruction Blueprint. Bloomington, IN: iUniverse

Kotlikoff, Laurence. 2011. Jimmy Stewart Is Dead: Ending the World's Ongoing Financial Plague with Limited Purpose Banking. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Lerven, Frank van. 2015. “What Are Economists Saying About Iceland’s Sovereign Money Proposal?”. London: Positive Money.

Lietaer, Bernard et al. 2012. Money and Sustainability. The Missing Link. Axminster: Triarchy Press.

Mellor, Mary. 2015. Debt or Democracy: Public Money for Sustainability and Social Justice. London: Pluto Press.  (Review)

Mellor, Mary. 2017. “Money for the People“. Great Transition Initiative, Aug 2017.

Morrison, Ronnie & Anderson, Andy. 2014: Moving On: An Economic Case For Scottish Independence. Helensburgh, Scotland: Privately published.

Musgrave, Ralph S. 2014. "The False Logic at the Heart of Fractional Reserve Banking". Ralphonomics, 25 Mar 2014.

Musgrave, Ralph S. 2018a. The Crucial Flaw in the Bank System. Medium, 27 Sept 2018.

Musgrave, Ralph S. 2018b. The Solution is Full Reserve / 100% Reserve Banking. 3rd Edition. Istanbul, Turkey: KSP Books.

Musgrave, Ralph S. 2019. “Some of the economists who oppose the right of private banks to create money out of thin air“. Ralphonomics, 23 Oct 2019.

Musgrave, Ralph S. 2020. "The Crucial Flaw in the Bank System". Medium, 23 April 2020.

Ordóñez, Miguel Fernández. 2016. "The Future of Banking: Secure Money and Deregulation of the Financial System". Speech by former governor of the Banqua Espana, Spain's central bank.

Pash, Mark. 2014. “It’s the Economy Stupid”. The Blog. Center for Progressive Economics.

Pash, Mark. 2017. Creating a 21st Century Win-Win Economy: The Problems and the Solutions. San Bernardino, CA: Self-published..

Patman, Wright. 1964. Money Primer from the Congressional Committee on Banking and Currency.

Perry, Geraldine. 2011a. "Memo to Congress: Show Us the M-O-N-E-Y! Part 1 of 3". Dissident Voice (12 Feb 2011). 

Perry, Geraldine. 2011b. "Memo to Congress: Show Us the M-O-N-E-Y! Part 2 of 3". Dissident Voice (19 Feb 2011). 

Perry, Geraldine. 2011c. "Memo to Congress: Show Us the M-O-N-E-Y! Part 3 of 3". Dissident Voice (5 Mar 2011). 

Perry, Geraldine. 2013. Climate Change, Land Use and Monetary Policy: The New Trifecta. Shelbyville, KY: Wasteland Press.

Perry, Geraldine. 2017. "Free Trade, War and Debt: All Branches of the Same Tree". Dissident Voice (30 June 2017).

Perry, Geraldine & Fousek, Ken. 2007. The Two Faces of Money. Shelbyville, KY: Wasteland Press.

Positive Money. 2012. “Banking vs Democracy: how power shifted from parliament to the banking sector”. London: Positive Money. 

Positive Money. 2014. “Why we Disagree with Ann Pettifor”. London: Positive Money, 27 June 2014. [Response to Pettifor 2014]. 

Positive Money. 2017. “Revealed Today: New Poll reveals our MPs don't know where money comes from!” Video. London: Positive Money. 

Positive Money. 2018. “Escaping Growth Dependency: Why reforming money will reduce the need to pursue economic growth at any cost to the environment”. London: Positive Money. 

Positive Money & Dods (Group) PLC. 2014. “Parliamentary perceptions of the banking system”. 

Poteat, Robert. Nd. “Review of David Graeber’s Debt: The First 5,000 Years”. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute.

Poteat, Robert. 2016. “A Viable Solution to the Economic Crisis”. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute.  Updated version.

Ricardo, David 1951 [1824]: "Plan for the Establishment of a National Bank". In: Sraffa, Piero with the collaboration of M.H. Dobb (eds): The Works and Correspondence of Ricardo, Vol. IV, Pamphlets and Papers 1815-1823, Cambridge University Press, 276–300.

Robertson, James. 1998. "Our Money". New Internationalist, Oct 1998.

Robertson, James. 2008. "The History of Money: From Its Origins to Our Time". Excerpt translated into English from: Une histoire de l'argent : Des origines à nos jours. 2008. Paris: Editions Autrement. 

Robertson, James 2012. Future Money: Breakdown or Breakthrough? Totnes, UK: Green Books.

Robertson, James & Bunzl, John. 2003. Monetary Reform: Making It Happen! London: International Simultaneous Policy Organisation. 

Røpke, Inge. 2017. "Sustainability and the Governance of the Financial System: What Role for Full Reserve Banking?." Environmental Policy and Governance, 27/3: 177-192.

Ryan-Collins, Josh & Greenham, Tony & Werner, Richard & Jackson, Andrew. 2012. Where Does Money Come From? A Guide to the UK Monetary and Banking System. London: New Economics Foundation.

Sensible Money. 2012a. “How Banks Create and Destroy Money. A Guide to the Eurozone Monetary System”. Dublin: Sensible Money. 

Sensible Money. 2012b. “Resolving the Eurozone Debt Crisis. A Guide to Full Reserve Banking in the Eurozone”. Dublin: Sensible Money. 

Smithin, J. (Ed.). 2000. What is Money? London, Routledge.

Striner, Richard. 2012. “How to Pay for What We Need”. The American Scholar (Winter 2012).

Striner, Richard. 2015. How America Can Spend Its Way Back To Greatness. A Guide to Monetary Reform. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.

Strunz, Sebastian & Bartkowski, Bartosz & Schindler, Harry. 2015. “Is There a Monetary Growth Imperative?” UFZ Discussion Papers, No. 5/2015.

Stuart, James Gibb. 1984. The Money Bomb. UK: William Maclellan.

Svanbjörn, Thoroddsen & Sigurjónsson, Sigurvin B. 2016. “Money Issuance: Alternative Monetary Systems”. A report commissioned by the Icelandic Prime Minister’s Office. KPMG, Iceland. 

Turner, Adair. 2011. “Credit Creation and Social Optimality”. Speech presented at Southampton University. Financial Services Authority.

Turner, Adair. 2012. “Securitisation, Shadow Banking and the Value of Financial Innovation”. Remarks at the School of Advanced International Studies, Washington D.C., April 2012.

Turner, Adair. 2012.Monetary and Financial Stability: Lessons from the Crisis and from some Old Economic Texts”. Remarks at the South Africa Reserve Bank Conference, Pretoria. November 2012.

Turner, Adair. 2013. "Credit, money and leverage: What Wicksell, Hayek and Fisher knew and modern macroeconomics forgot." Stockholm School of Economics Conference "Towards a Sustainable Financial System", Stockholm. Vol. 12. 12 Sept 2013.

van Lerven, Frank. 2015a. “Would there be a Shortage of Credit in a Sovereign Money System?”. London: Positive Money. 

van Lerven, Frank. 2015b. “Recovery in the Eurozone: Using Money Creation to Stimulate the Real Economy”. London: Positive Money. 

van Lerven, Frank & Dyson, Ben & Hodgson, Graham. 2015. “Would there be Enough Credit in a Sovereign Money System?”. London: Positive Money. 

Walker, Karl. 2015. Money in History. Transl. by George Reiff, PhD. Zürich: Conzett Verlag. This translation is dedicated to Stephen Zarlenga and the American Monetary Institute (AMI)

Walsh, Steven. 2007. “Review of Lynne Twist’s The Soul of Money”. Published in 2003 by N.N. Norton & Co. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. 

Walsh, Steven & Zarlenga, Stephen. 2012. “Evaluation of Modern Monetary Theory”. AMI Research Paper. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. 

Walsh, Steven. 2015. "Our Civic Education on How Seigniorage Money Can Work for All of Us and Help Sustain Life on Earth". Course I. Reform.money.

Walsh, Steven. 2015. "Colonial Pennsylvania: How Money Can Work for Everybody". Course II. Reform.money.

Walsh, Steven. N.d. “Book Review for Modernising Money”. Review of: Jackson, Andrew & Dyson, Ben. 2012. Modernising Money: Why Our Monetary System is Broken and How it Can be Fixed. London: Positive Money. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute.

Walton, Jamie. 2015. “How the N.E.E.D. Act gives an Immediate, Seamless and Non-Disruptive Overnight Transition from a Crisis-Prone Bank Debt System to a Stable Government Money System“. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. 

Wortmann, Edgar. 2016. “A Proposal for Radical Monetary Reform. Amsterdam: Ons Geld. 

Wortmann, Edgar. 2017b. “Deleveraging without a Crunch”. Ons Geld Working Paper, Utrecht. 

Wortmann, Edgar. 2017c. “The Virtual Euro”. Ons Geld Working Paper, Utrecht.

WRR. 2019. “Money Creation”. The Netherlands Scientific Council for Government Policy (WRR).

Yamaguchi, Kaoru . 2011. "Congressional Briefing by Professor Kaoru Yamaguchi, Ph.D., Doshisha Business School, Doshisha University, Kyoto, Japan. Office of Congressman Dennis Kucinich". 26 July 2011.

Young, Mark. 2012. How to Fix the Future: Using Cooperative Economics. Publisher: Author.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 1996. “Review of “BUDGET – SMUDGET Why balance what, how, and when?” a paper by William Vickrey”. Published in Atlantic Economic Journal, 14.3 (1986): 6-13. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 1997. “Balanced Budget Amendment Stampede 1997: Careful Newt And Bill – The National Debt Can’t Stand Too Much Scrutiny!”. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2000b. “Monetary Policy & Rome’s Decline”. The Barnes Review, 6/3 (May-June).

Zarenga, Stephen. 2000c. "A Brief History of Interest. AMI Paper, 3. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. 

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2001. “Henry George’s Concept of Money: And Its Implications For 21st Century Reform. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. 

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2002. The Lost Science of Money. The Mythology of Money – the Story of Power. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2002. “Critique of Innes’ 'Credit Theory of Money' ”. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. 

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2003. “The Lost Science of Money - A Solution to the States’ Fiscal Crises”. Speech at the U.S. Treasury, Dec. 4, 2003. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. 

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2004a.The Usury Problem Remains”. Talk to Lord Sudeley’s “Monday Club” discussion group at London’s Carlton House, May 5th, 2004. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. 

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2004b. “World Peace through Monetary Justice”. Talk at International Philosophers For Peace Conference - Capitalism With A Human Face? Radford University, VA, May 2004. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2004c.Removing Structural Injustices From our Money System”. Talk to the TOES (The Other Economic Summit) Meeting Counter to the G8 Meeting, Sea Island, Brunswick, Georgia, June 8-10, 2004. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. 

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2005. "The 1930s Chicago Plan and the 2005 American Monetary Act." Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. 

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2006. "Is the Federal Reserve System a Governmental or a Privately Controlled Organization?" Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2008. The Development of United States Money from Colonial Times to the Federal Reserve System Part 1: The Money Power vs the Constitution“. Excerpt from Zarlenga, Stephen. 2002. The Lost Science of Money. The Mythology of Money – the Story of Power. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. 

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2009a (2006). Presenting the American Monetary Act”. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. 

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2009b. "The Need for Monetary Reform". Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2010a. The Lost Science of Money & Monetary Justice Using Government Created Money to Fund Public Projects”. Talk At The House of Lords, London, 4 May 2004. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2010c. “Review of Robert De Fremery’s Rights vs. Privileges”. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2013. “What Would a Trillion Dollar Coin Mean?Huffington Post. The Blog. 1 Jan 2013. 

Zarlenga, Stephen A. 2014. “Presenting the American Monetary Reform Manual”. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. Includes full text of the NEED Act. 

Zarlenga, Stephen A. 2016. "AMI Achievements to Date". Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute.

E. Supporting Studies Addressing Monetary Issues

Andolfatto, David. 2018. "Reconciling Orthodox and Heterodox Views on Money and Banking”. FRB St. Louis Working Paper, 2018-27.

Armstrong, Alan D. 1996. To Restrain the Red Horse. The Urgent Need For Radical Economic Reform. Dunoon, UK: Towerhouse.

Baruchello, Giorgio. 2017. Mortals, Money, and Masters of Thought: Collected Philosophical Essays. Gatineau, Quebec, Canada: Northwest Passage Books.

Beckert, Sven & Desan, Christine (Eds.). 2018. American Capitalism: New Histories. New York: Columbia U.P.

Bernstein, Peter .L. 2008. A Primer on Money, Banking, and Gold. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley and Sons.

Bertocco, Giancarlo. 2006. "Some Observations about the Endogenous Money Theory." Quaderni della Facoltà di Economia dell’Università dell’Insubria, 2 (2006).

Bezemer, Dirk J. 2009. “ 'No One Saw This Coming': Understanding Financial Crisis Through Accounting Models”. MPRA Paper No. 15892. 16 June 2009. Levy Economics Institute, No. 665. 

Bezemer, Dirk J. 2011. "The Credit Crisis and Recession as a Paradigm Test." Journal of Economic Issues, 45/1: 1-18.

Bjerg, Ole. 2016. Parallax of Growth: The Philosophy of Ecology and Economy. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

Blair, Margaret M. “A Simple Fix for a Complex Problem? Comments on Morgan Ricks, The Money Problem: Rethinking Financial Regulation”. Accounting, Economics, and Law: A Convivium. 2017; 2.

Blyth, Mark. 2013. Austerity: The History of a Dangerous Idea. Oxford : Oxford UP. (Amazon)

Borio, Claudio and Piti Disyatat. 2009. “Unconventional Monetary Policies: An Appraisal”. BIS Working Paper no. 292, Nov 2009.

Brown, Ellen Hodgson. 2007. The Web of Debt: The Shocking Truth about Our Money System and How We Can Break Free. Baton Rouge: Third Millennium Press.

Brown, Ellen Hodgson. 2012. “A Public Bank for Scotland Could Ensure Economic Sovereignty.” Truthout. 7 Dec 212. 

Brown, Ellen Hodgson. 2013. The Public Bank Solution: From Austerity to Prosperity. Baton Rouge, LA: The Third Millennium Press.

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Courchene, Thomas J. 1976. Money, Inflation, and the Bank of Canada: An Analysis of Canadian Monetary Policy from 1970 to early 1975. Vols. 1 & 2. Toronto: CD Howe Research Institute. (Amazon)

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Del Mar, Alexander. 1997 (1899). The History of Money in America from the Earliest Times to the Establishment of the Constitution. Palmdale, CA: Omni Publications.

Desan, Christine. 2005. "The Market as a Matter of Money: Denaturalizing Economic Currency in American Constitutional History." Law & Social Inquiry,  30/1: 1-60.

Desan, Christine. 2010. "Beyond Commodification: Contract and the Credit-Based World of Modern Capitalism." In Daniel W. Hamilton & Alfred L. Brophy (Eds.). Transformations in American Legal History: Essays in Honor of Professor Morton J. Horwitz. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Law School.

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Desan, Christine A. 2015. Review of Timberlake, Richard H. 2013. Constitutional Money: A Review of the Supreme Court's Monetary Decisions. A Cato Institute book. Cambridge University Press, 2013. Journal of Economic Literature, 53 (Dec 2015): 1036-9.

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Dodd, Nigel. 2016. The Social Life of Money. Princeton, NY: Princeton University Press.

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Engelen, Ewald et al. 2011. After the Great Complacence: Financial Crisis and the Politics of Reform. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Feinig, Jakob.2015. Money and its Publics: Public Involvement in American Monetary Policy from 1690 to 1936. Ph.D. Dissertation Sociology, State University of New York at Binghamton. Preview. 

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Hossein-zadeh, Ismael. 2014b.Parasitic Finance Capital and Inequality”. State of Nature: An Online Journal for Radical Ideas,  6 Jul 2014.  Also in CounterPunch, 21/7: 20-22.

Huber, Joseph. 2021. The future of money between CBDC and stablecoins: The Diem example. Sovereign Money: Website for Monetary systems Analysis and Reform, March 2021.

Hudson, Michael 2004. “The Archaeology of Money. Debt versus Barter – Theories of Money's Origins” In L. Randall Wray (Ed.), Credit and State Theories of Money: The Contributions of A. Mitchell Innes. Aldershot, UK & Brookfield, USA: Edward Elgar Publishers, 99–127.

Hudson, Michael 1972. Super Imperialism: The Strategy of American Empire. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Huerta De Soto, Jesús. 2006. Money, Bank Credit, and Economic Cycles. Stroup, Melinda A. (Transl.). Auburn, AL: Ludwig von Mises Institute.

Hummel, William. 2006. Money What it is How it works: Second Edition. Bloomington, IN: iUniverse.

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Ingham, Geoffrey. 1998. “On the Underdevelopment of the 'Sociology of Money'”. Acta Sociologica, 41/1: 3-18.

Ingham, Geoffrey. 2001. “Fundamentals of a Theory of Money: Untangling Fine, Lapavitsas and Zelizer”. Economy and Society, 30/3: 304-323.

Ingham, Geoffrey. 2004. The Nature of Money. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

Ingham, Geoffrey. 2006. “Further Reflections on the Ontology of Money: Responses to Lapavitsas and Dodd”. Economy and Society, 35/02: 259-278.

Ingham, Geoffrey. 2007. “The Specificity of Money”. European Journal of Sociology, 48/2: 265–272.

Ingham, Geoffrey. 2008. Capitalism. Cambridge, UK: Polity Press.

Karimzadi, Shahzavar. 2012. Money and its Origins. London: Routledge. (Amazon)

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Kay, John. 2009: “Narrow Banking. The reform of banking regulation”. London: Centre for the Study of Financial Innovation.

Kay, John. 2015. Other People's Money. London: Profile Books.

Kellogg, Edward. 2017 (1861). A New Monetary System: The Only Means of Securing the Respective Rights of Labor and Property, and of Protecting the Public from Financial Revulsions. Andesite Press.

Kennedy, Margrit. 1995. Interest and Inflation Free Money. No place: Seva International.

Keynes, J.M. 1936. The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money. London: Macmillan.

King, Mervyn. 2016. The End of Alchemy: Money, Banking and the Future of the Global Economy. WW Norton & Company. (Amazon)

Knafo, Samuel, 2013: The Making of Modern Finance: Liberal Governance and the Gold Standard. Abingdon: Routledge.

Knapp, Georg Friedrich. 1973 (1924). The State Theory of Money. New York: A.M. Kelley.

Koo, Richard. 2014. “The Escape from Balance Sheet Recession and the QE Trap. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley. 

Korten, David C. 1995. When Corporations Rule the World. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

Korten, David C. 1999. The Post-corporate World: Life after Capitalism. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

Korten, David C. 2007. The Great Turning: From Empire to Earth Community. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

Korten, David C. 2010. Agenda for a New Economy: From Phantom Wealth to Real Wealth. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers. (Excerpt)

Kotlikoff, Laurence J. 2010. Jimmy Stewart is Dead. Ending the World's Ongoing Plague with Limited Purpose Banking. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Kregel, Jan. 2012: “Minsky and the Narrow Banking Proposal”. Public Policy Brief, Levy Institute of Bard College, 125: 4–8.

Kuzminski, Adrian. 2013. The Ecology of Money: Debt, Growth, and Sustainability. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Lavoie, Marc. 2013. "The Monetary and Fiscal Nexus of Neo-Chartalism: A Friendly Critique." Journal of Economic Issues, 47/1: 1-32.

Lester, Richard A. 1970 (1939). Monetary Experiments. New York: A. M. Kelley.

Macleod, Henry Dunning. 1889. The Theory of Credit. London: Longmans, Green.

Mairet, Philip. 1934. The Douglas Manual. London: Stanley Nott.

Marshall, Alfred. 1923. Money, Credit and Commerce. London: Macmillan.

Martin, Felix. 2015. Money: The Unauthorized Biography from Coinage to Cryptocurrencies. New York: Vintage. (Amazon)

Marx, Karl. 1976 (1867). Capital, Volume 1. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin.

Mehrling, Perry. 2011. The New Lombard Street. How the Fed Became the Dealer of Last Resort. Princeton University Press.

Michell, J. 2016. “Do Shadow Banks Create Money? “Financialisation” and the Monetary Circuit”. Economics Working Paper no. 1602, University of the West of England, Bristol.

Minsky, Hyman. 1994. “Financial Instability and the Decline(?) of Banking: Public Policy Considerations”. Working Paper No. 127, Levy Economics Institute. 

Munson, Gorham 1945. Aladdin’s Lamp. The Wealth of the American People. New York: Creative Age Press.

Nason, James M., and Ellis W. Tallman. 2015. "Business cycles and financial crises: The roles of credit supply and demand shocks." Macroeconomic Dynamics 19/4: 836-882.

Neumann, Manfred J.M. 1992. “Seigniorage in the United States: How Much does the US Government Make from Money Production?”. Federal Reserve of St. Louis, Research Review 03/1992, March-April. 

Niepelt, Dirk. 2015. “Reserves for everyone – towards a new monetary regime?” VOX Policy Portal, 21 Jan 2015. 

Palley, Thomas I. 2014. "The Critics of Modern Money Theory (MMT) are Right". IMK Working Paper, No. 132, Institut für Makroökonomie und Konjunkturforschung (IMK), Hans-Böckler-Stiftung, Düsseldorf.

Pennacchi, George. 2012. "Narrow Banking”. Annual Review of Financial Economics, 4/1: 141-159.

Perry, Geraldine. 2016. "American Dreams Destroyed by Debt and a Constitution Denied". Dissident Voice (6 May 2016).

Pettifor, Ann. 2006. The Coming First World Debt Crisis. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Pettifor, Ann. 2013. “The Power to Create Money out of Thin Air: A Review Essay of Geoffrey Ingham’s Capitalism”. Policy Research in Macroeconomics, Jan 2013.

Philipps, Chester Arthur. 1920. Bank Credit. New York: Macmillan.

Reiff, George. 2016. "Goethe and the Creation of Money: FAUST II". George Reiff on academia.edu.

Reinhart, Carmen M. & Rogoff, Kenneth S. 2009. This Time is Different. Eight Centuries of Financial Folly. Princeton University Press.

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Rowbotham, Michael. 1998. The Grip of Death: A Study of Modern Money, Debt Slavery, and Destructive Economics. Charbury, UK: John Carpenter.

Ryan-Collins, Josh 2015: “Is Monetary Financing Inflationary? A Case Study of the Canadian Economy, 1935–75”. Levy Economics Institute of Bard College, Working Paper No. 848, October 2015. 

Ryan-Collins, Josh, Richard A. Werner, and Jennifer Castle. 2016. "A half-century diversion of monetary policy? An empirical horse-race to identify the UK variable most likely to deliver the desired nominal GDP growth rate”. Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, 43 (2016): 158-176.

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Schemmann, Michael. 2012. Liquid Money – The Final Thing. Federal Reserve and Central Bank Accounts for Everyone. Durham, NC: IICPA Publications.

Schemmann, Michael 2012. “Accounting Perversion in Bank Financial Statements: Root Cause of the Ongoing Global Financial Crisis”. IICPA Publications.

Schemmann, Michael. 2015. “Putting a Stop to Fictitious Bank Accounting”. IICPA Publications.

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Shaxson, Nicholas. 2018. The Finance Curse: How Global Finance Is Making Us All Poorer. New York & London: Penguin.

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Sklansky, Jeffrey. 2012. "The Elusive Sovereign: New Intellectual and Social Histories of Capitalism." Modern Intellectual History, 9/1: 233-248.

Sklansky, Jeffrey. 2017. Sovereign of the Market: The Money Question in Early America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

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Turner, A. 2015. Between Debt and the Devil: Money, Credit, and Fixing Global Finance. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Verhagen, Frans C. 2012. The Tierra Solution: Resolving Climate Change Through Monetary Transformation. New York: Cosimo Books.

Werner, Richard A. 2014. “Enhanced Debt Management: Solving the Eurozone Crisis by Linking Debt Management with Fiscal and Monetary Policy”. Journal of International Money and Finance, 49 (Dec 2014): 443-469. 

Wicker, Elmus. 2015. The Great Debate on Banking Reform: Nelson Aldrich and the Origins of the Fed. Columbus, OH: Ohio State U.P.

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Wolf, Martin. 2015. The Shifts and the Shocks: What We’ve Learned–and Have Still to Learn–from the Financial Crisis. New York & London: Penguin. (Amazon)

Wood, John H. 1981. “Benjamin Franklin and Monetary Policy in Colonial Pennsylvania”. Economic Perspectives, 5/2: 22-23. 

Wortmann, Edgar. 2019. “Ons Geld, Vollgeld and Positive Money“. Ons Geld, 9 Sept 2019.

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Yamaguchi, Kaoru. 2008. "Logical vs Historical Time in a Price Adjustment Mechanism.” In Proceedings of the 27th International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 2009. The System Dynamics Society. 

Yuran, Noam, 2014. What Money Wants: An Economy of Desire. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 1999. "Germany's 1923 Hyperinflation: A 'Private' Affair". The Barnes Review (July-Aug): 61-7. 

Zelizer, Viviana A. 1994. The Social Meaning of Money: Pin Money, Paychecks, Poor Relief, and Other Currencies. New York: Basic Books.

F. Journalistic Articles Addressing Monetary Reform

Aaltonen, Valtteri. 2016. “Parliament event on monetary reform paves the way for citizens’ initiative”. International Movement for Monetary Reform. 25 Oct 2016. 

Agence France Press. 2015. "Iceland looks at ending boom and bust with radical money plan”. The Telegraph (UK). 31 March 2015.

Baker, Scott. 2010. "Stephen Zarlenga’s American Monetary Act: A Review". HuffPost, 21 Dec 2010.

Baker, Scott. 2015. America Is Not Broke: Four Multi-trillion Paths to a Thriving America. Oakland, CA: Next Revelation Press.

Bholat, David & Gutierrez, Karla Martinez. 2019. “The Ownership of Central Banks“. The Money Question, 21 Oct 2019.

Bjerg, Ole. 2015. "Who Makes our Money?: Economics and Politics in the Age of Crisis Capitalism." Oxford Left Review, 14 (2015): 34-41.

Bjerg, Ole. 2017a. "The butcher, the brewer, the ba(n)ker and the nature of money". London School of Economics Business Review. 1 Mar 2017. 

Bjerg, Ole. 2017b. "The politics of transition: From ecology to money... and back". Ephemera 17/1: 167-173.

Bongioivanni, Joe. 2016. “The Problem With Money And Banking: Inseparability”. Econintersect.com, 19 June 2016.

Bosley, Catherine. 2018. “Why Swiss Vollgeld Vote Has the Central Bank Nervous”. Bloomberg Businesswek. 18 Feb 2018. 

Brown, Ellen. 2009. “Revive Lincoln’s Monetary Policy: An Open Letter to President Obama“. Web of Debt, 9 April 2009.

Brown, Ellen. 2013. “What We Could Do with a Postal Savings Bank: Infrastructure that Doesn’t Cost Taxpayers a Dime“. The Web of Debt, 23 Sept 2013.

Brown, Ellen. 2015. "Fast Track Hands the Money Monopoly to Private Banks, Permanently”. Truthout. 15 June 2015. 

Brown, Ellen. 2018. “This Radical Plan to Fund the ‘Green New Deal’ Just Might Work“. Web of Debt, 18 Dec 2018.

Cochrane, John H. 2013. "Stopping Bank Crises Before They Start". Wall Street Journal, June 24.

Cook, Richard C. - Archive on Global Research.

-----, -----. 2007. “An Emergency Program of Monetary Reform for the United States. Global Research, 26 April 2007.

-----, -----. 2007. “Monetary Reform and How a National Monetary System Should Work. Global Research, 11 May 2007.

-----, -----. 2007. “Credit as a Public Utility: the Key to Monetary Reform“. Global Research. 26 May 2007.

-----, -----. 2007c. “C.H. Douglas: Pioneer of Monetary Reform”. Global Research, 24 Sep 2007. 

-----, -----. 2007d. “The 2008 Presidential Election: Concepts Progressives Must Know About Monetary Policy and History”. Global Research, 14 Dec 2007. 

-----, -----. 2009. “It’s Time for a New Monetary System. Global Research, 23 Mar 2009.

-----, -----. 2009. “Democratizing the US Monetary System: Urgency of the American Monetary Act. Global Research, 6 May 2009.

-----, -----. 2009. We Hold These Truths: The Hope of Monetary Reform. Aurora, CO: Tendril Press. Review by Jamie Walton for AMI, 23 Dec 2010.

-----, -----. 2009. "Credit As A Public Utility: The Solution to the Economic Crisis". A video in Six Parts. Global Research, 28 Mar 2009. Part 2; Part 3; Part 4; Part 5; Part 6.

-----, -----. 2013. "The Gaia Plan". Presentation at the Public Banking 2013: Funding the New Economy Conference, San Rafael, CA, June 2013. Public Banking TV on YouTube. 21 June 2013.

-----, -----. 2017. “The Usury Based System. Towards A Worldwide Financial Disaster?Global Research, 27 April 2017. 

-----, -----. 2019. Universal Basic Income and the 2020 Election: Redistribution by Taxing the Rich. Global Research,18 Oct 2019.

-----, -----. 2020. "My Journey". The Alliance For Just Money, 18 Aug 2020.

Coppola, Frances. 2014. “Martin Wolf Proposes the Death of Banking”. Pieria (25 April 2014). 

Chrispin, Sebastian. 2015. “Reality Check: Could the Greens change how money works?BBC News. 5 May 2015. 

Clarke, Bill. 2001. “The Case for Monetary Reform”. Prosperity, July 2001. http://prosperityuk.com/2001/07/the-case-for-monetary-reform/

Di Muzio, Tim. 2019. “The Major Problems with Bank Money Creation“. Alliance For Just Money, 4 June 2019.

Di Muzio, Tim. 2019. “Brief Discussion of Money“. Alliance For Just Money, 21 Mar 2019. (Excerpt from The Tragedy of Human Development).

Douglas, Jason. 2015. “U.K. Activist Group Emerges as Voice for Monetary Reform”. The Wall Street Journal. 19 Aug 2015. 

Dyson, Ben. 2011. “Money has been Privatised by Stealth”. The Guardian – UK, 15 Nov 2011.

Dyson, Ben. 2014. Change to UK's money system could solve our long-term economic problems”. The Guardian. 6 Feb 2014. .

Clarke, Bill. 2001. “The Case for Monetary Reform”. Prosperity, July 2001.

Grim, Ryan. 2009. “Priceless: How The Federal Reserve Bought The Economics Profession”. Huffington Post, 23 Oct 2009. 

Douglas, Jason. 2015. “U.K. Activist Group Emerges as Voice for Monetary Reform”.  The Wall Street Journal. 19 Aug 2015. 

Evans-Pritchard, Ambrose. 2012.IMF's Epic Plan to Conjure Away Debt and Dethrone Bankers”. The Telegraph, UK, 21 Oct 2012. 

Ferguson, Paul. 2014. “Banks don't work the way you think – but they should”. Independent (Ireland) 3 April 2014. 

Graeber, David. 2014.The truth is out: money is just an IOU, and the banks are rolling in it”. The Guardian, 18 March 2014. 

Graeber, David, 2019. “Against Economics“. Review of Skidelsky’s Money and Government. New York Review of Books, 66/19 (5 Dec 2019).

Grim, Ryan. 2013. “Priceless: How The Federal Reserve Bought The Economics Profession”. HuffPost, 13 May 2013.

Hickel, Jason. 2016. “To deal with climate change we need a new financial system”. The Guardian. 5 Nov 2016. 

Jourdan, Stan. 2016. “Finland: Parliament Event on Monetary Reform Paves the Way for Citizens’ Initiative”. International Movement for Monetary Reform (25 Oct 2016).

Keen, Steve. 2015. "Nobody Understands Debt -- Including Paul Krugman". Forbes, 10 Feb 2015.

Keen, Steve & Harvey, Alan. “A Modern Jubilee“. IDEA: Dedicated to the Reform of Economics.

Khan, Mehreen. 2015. “Switzerland to vote on banning banks from creating money”. The Telegraph (UK). 23 Dec 2015.

Klein, Manuel. 2016. “IMMR at the World Social Forum 2016 in Montreal”. International Movement for Monetary Reform.

Krugman, Paul. 2014. “Why Weren’t Alarm Bells Ringing?The New York Review of Books. 23 Oct 2014. .

Lovas, Gabriella & Black, Jeff. 2016. “Banker Who’d Revolutionize Money Says It Can Be Done From Within“. Bloomberg, 16 Aug 2016. 

Lavoie, Marc. 2019. “Endorsing the Money-Creation View of Banking“. Rethinking Economics.

Lyons, Matthew. 2018. “Will Switzerland Be The First Country In The World To Introduce A Sovereign Money System?” London: Positive Money. 28 Feb 2018. 

Macquarie, Rob. 2018. “A Green Bank of England: Central Banking for a Low-Carbon Economy“. London; Positive Money.

Mayer, Thomas. 2013: “Banish Fractional Reserve Banking for Real Reform”. Financial Times, 24 June 2013. 

Mellor, Mary. 2019. “Our conception of money is based in fairytale – this has led us to austerity“. The Independent (UK), 21 June 2019.

Mitchell, Rodger Malcolm. 2018. “What is the real purpose of money? Gap Psychology and fairness. You may never have thought of it this way”. Monetary Sovereignty Blog, 11 May 2018.

Murphy, Robert P. 2020. “Do the Textbooks Get Money and Banking Backwards?“. Mises Wire, Mises Institute, April 2 2020.

Nielsen, Robert. 2014. “Endogenous Money Or How Loans Create Deposits”. Whistling In The Wind, 7 Feb 2014.

Olson, Thomas L. 2020. "Law on the Edge: The Credit River Case and the Fixations of Jerome Daly 1960-1990". The Minnesota Legal History Project.

Picchioni, Costanza. 2020. “Lessons From Libra: The Future Of Digital Currency“. The Money Question, 10 Feb 2020.

Robbins, Richard H. 2019. “The Tyranny of the Rate of Return“. The Money Question, 9 Sept 2019.

Roberts, Paul Craig & Kranzler, Dave, Hudson, Michael. “Do Financial Markets Still Exist?“. Institute for Political Economy, 12 Feb 2018.

Robertson, James. 2007. “The History of Money: From Its Origins to Our Time“. Paris: Autrement.

Roche, Cullen. 2010. “The Concept of Vertical and Horizontal Money Creation”. Seeking Alpha, 5 April 2010. 

Rudnyckyj, Daromir & Sayeed, Rehan. 2019. “The Money Question in Islamic Finance“. The Money Question, 25 Oct 2019.

Smith, Adam. 2019. “Much Ado About 1974: The Bank of Canada and the 70s“. Understanding Canada Web Site, 23 Nov 2019.

Smith, Adam. 2019. “Making the case for public money creation in Canada“. Understanding Canada Web Site, 23 May 2019.

The Economist. 2016. “Shake Your Money Makers”. The Economist, 27 Feb 2016. 

Tily, Geoff. 2016. “Academics and Civil Society Clash on Money“. Prime Blogs,18 July 2016.

Tuckwell, David. 2017. “Steve Keen: Banks Create Money, Fintechs Don't”. Altfi, 7 June 2017

Turner, Adair. 2012. “Monetary and Financial Stability: Lessons from the Crisis and from Classic Economics Texts“. Speech at South African Reserve Bank, 2 Nov 2012.

van Lerven, Frank. 2016. “A Guide to Public Money Creation: Outlining the Alternatives to Quantitative Easing“. London: Positive Money.

van Lerven, Frank. 2018. “A Government is not a Household“. Positive Money, 29 Oct 2018.

van Lerven, Frank. 2018. “The Bank of England and a 1.5°C Green Transition: Reshaping Finance“. Briefing Note, New Economics Foundation, 16 Oct 2018.

van Lerven, Frank. 2018. “Ending the Fiscal-Monetary Tug-o-War“. Positive Money, 29 Aug 2018.

van Lerven, Frank. 2017. “Setting the Record Straight: Sovereign Money is not Full-Reserve Banking“. Positive Money, 27 April 2017.

van Lerven, Frank. 2017. “Two Thirds of Lenders Using Underhand Tactics for Consumer Loans“. Positive Money, 18 April 2018.

van Lerven, Frank. 2017. “Inflation Rises and Living Standards Fall: How Can the Bank of England Respond?” Positive Money, 11 April 2017.

Voss, Jason. 2016. “Is This the End of Fractional Reserve Banking?”. CFA Institute. 

Walsh, Steven & Zarlenga, Stephen. 2012. “Evaluation of Modern Monetary Theory”. AMI research paper. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute.

Walton, Jamie. 2009. “Why States Going into the Banking Business Would be a Distraction, not a Solution to their Fiscal Problem". Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute. 

Walton, Jamie. 2010. “Review of Ellen Brown’s The Web of Debt”. Valatie, NY: American Monetary Institute.

Whittington, Les. 2015. “Rocco Galati in court to challenge how Bank of Canada does business”. The Toronto Star, 23 Mar 2015.

Williams, Zoe. 2017. “How the Actual Magic Money Tree Works”. The Guardian. 29 Oct 2017.

Wolf, Martin. 2014. "Strip private banks of their power to create money". Financial Times, April 24, 2014. 

Wortmann, Edgar. 2018. “Design Principles for CBDC“. International Movement for Monetary Reform, 28 June 2018.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2011a. “Greening the Dollar”. Huffington Post. The Blog. 13 July 2011.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2011b. “Congressman Dennis Kucinich’s Briefing to Solve the Debt Crisis”. Huffington Post. The Blog. 11 Aug 2011.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2011c. “‘Front Running’ Against Humanity in the Oil Markets”. Huffington Post. The Blog. 26 Aug 2011.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2012. “Completing Our Fourth of July Declaration”. Huffington Post. The Blog. 13 July 2012.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2013a. “What Would a Trillion Dollar Coin Mean?” Huffington Post. The Blog. 1 Jan 2013.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2013b. “Sequesters, Shutdowns And Defaults”. Huffington Post. The Blog. 11 Oct 2013.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2014b. “Obama and Holder’s Weak Call for Justice”. Huffington Post. The Blog. 26 Aug 2014.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2015. “Monetary Reform and Some July 4th Thoughts”. Huffington Post. The Blog. 8 July 2015.

Zarlenga, Stephen & Coleridge, Greg. 2011. “Reducing U.S. Debt and Creating Jobs Through Public Control of Our Money System”. Huffington Post. The Blog. 3 May 2011.

G. Educational and Promotional Videos (and other media)

A. TOP 12 Videos

B. Videos Produced in the Monetary Reform Movement

C. Other Monetary Theory and Reform Videos of Interest

A. TOP 12 VIDEOS

Bjerg, Ole. 2016. “Where does money come from?TEDxCopenhagen. 24 May 2016.

Bongiovanni, Joe. 2013. "Why Monetary Reform Must Become Your Number One Issue". Argusfest on YouTube. 29 Sept 2013.

Dyson, Ben. 2014. "Why Our Monetary System Is Broken and How It Can Be Fixed". Presentation at the Economy, People and Planet conference at the Copenhagen Business School (CBS). Positive Money on YouTube. 1 Oct 2014.

Grant, Victoria. “http://www.publicbankinginstitute.org/victoria_grant_videos" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">12 year old child reveals one of the best kept secrets in the world”. Public Banking Institute. 5 May 2013.

Hammon, Virginia. 2019. "How We Can Pay for a Better World: Change the Money System". How We Pay for a Better World. YouTube. 30 Aug 2019.

Hammon, Virginia. 2020. "A Solution to the Crisis - Just Money Now!". How We Pay for a Better World. YouTube. 21 July 2020.

Kucinich, Dennis. 2012. “The Key to Economic Recovery; Kucinich Explains Monetary Reform”. DJ Kucinich on YouTube. 8 May 2012.

Positive Money. 2011. "A Simple Solution to the Debt Crisis". Positive Money on YouTube. 13 Aug 2011.

Positive Money. 2013. "What Is Money?". Positive Money on YouTube. 13 May 2013.

Positive Money. 2013. “10 year old explains the truth about where money comes from…" Positive Money on YouTube. 4 Sep 2013.

Wolf, Martin. 2014. "Case for Radical Monetary Reform". Keynote speech at "Bridging Theory and Practice" conference organized by the Sustainable Finance Lab, Amsterdam, 14 Dec 2016. Sustainable Finance Lab on YouTube. 16 Oct 2018. (Accompanying slides)

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2009. “Nationalize the Fed: End Banks Power to Create Money”. Recorded 2 May 2009. YouTube. 22 June 2009.

B. VIDEOS PRODUCED IN THE MONETARY REFORM MOVEMENT

American Monetary Institute. Collection of Videos. American Monetary Institute on YouTube.

Bezemer, Dirk. 2013. “Debt, a Great Invention”. Debt, episode 1. University of Groningen on YouTube, June 13 2013.

Boait, Fran. 2013. "How the current money system is damaging Businesses, Society and Environment". Presentation at the Positive Money Conference, January 2013. Positive Money on YouTube. 22 Mar 2013.

Boait, Fran. 2014. "How does the money system affect Inequality, Housing & Environment?". Positive Money on YouTube. 21 Dec 2014.

Bongiovanni, Joe. 2013. "Why Monetary Reform Must Become Your Number One Issue". Argusfest on YouTube. 29 Sept 2013.

Bongiovanni, Joe. 2014. "Why Should GUV Borrow? Who Controls the Money?". Economic Stability on YouTube. 25 Jan 2014.

Bongiovanni, Joe. 2017. "On Public Money: Thoughts on our Monetary Sytem, and our History of Public Money". Presentation at the 2017 "Democracy Convention", Minneapolis, MS. AMI on YouTube. 9 Aug 2017.

Chalmers, Patrick. 2013. "Why doesn't the Media understand Money?". Presentation at the Positive Money Conference, January 2013. Positive Money on YouTube. 22 Feb 2013.

Chick, Victoria. 2013. “Why don’t Economists understand money?” Presentation at the Positive Money Conference, January 2013. Positive Money on YouTube. 6 Mar 2013.

Coates, Delman. 2016. “The New Abolitionism: Monetary Reform and the Struggle for Human Rights ". Presentation at the 12th AMI Conference, Chicago, September 2016. AMI on YouTube. 12 Oct 2016.

Coates, Delman. 2017. “The New Abolitionism: Monetary Reform and the Future of Social Justice”. Presentation at the 2017 Democracy Convention, Minneapolis, MS. AMI on YouTube. 9 Aug 2017.

Constancio, Vitor. 2011. "Challenges to monetary policy in 2012." Speech at 26th International Conference on Interest Rates, Frankfurt am Main. Vol. 8. 2011.

Dawnay, Emma & Degiacomi, Maurizio. 2018. "Lessons learnt from the Swiss Referendum on Sovereign Money". Presentation at The Future of Money – 10 Years after Lehmann and Nakamoto Conference at the Frankfurt School of Finance & Management, 30 Jan 2018.

Dyson, Ben. 2012. "Power of Banks vs Democracy". Positive Money on YouTube. 24 Oct 2012.

Dyson, Ben. 2013. "How to Fix Banking". Presentation at the Positive Money Conference, January 2013. Positive Money on YouTube. 19 Feb 2013.

Dyson, Ben. 2014. "Why Our Monetary System Is Broken and How It Can Be Fixed". Presentation at the Economy, People and Planet conference at the Copenhagen Business School (CBS). Positive Money on YouTube. 1 Oct 2014.

Eckrich, Lucille & Walsh, Steven. 2017. "Money, Schooling and Educators: Creating a Critically-Informed Movement for Monetary Reform and Ecojustice". Presentation at the 2017 Democracy Convention, Minneapolis, MS. AMI on YouTube. 9 Aug 2017.

Eder, Jeff. 2020. "Banking for a Better World". Progressive Money Canada. 6 Sep 2020.

Eder, Jeff. 2021. “Modern Money, Forget Theory: Debunking the MMT S(TAB) Hypothesis”. Part 1. Video file. Progressive Money Canada, 29 April 2021.

Eder, Jeff. 2021. “Modern Money, Forget Theory: How Government Financing Actually Works (TAB)S”. Part 2. Video file. Progressive Money Canada, 17 May 2021.

Enger, Karly. 2021. "How is Money Created?". Slideshow. Alliance For Just Money, 28 Jan 2021.

Graham, M Jayson. 2021. “The Economic Narrative”. Conversation with Mr. Mark Young. Podcast. The M Jayson Graham Show, Jan 24 2021.

GREG. 2020. "Is there a Magic Money Tree? A Talk with Radhika Desai, Yasin Kaya and Gary Porter". Geopolitical Economy Research Group (GREG), University of Manitoba, Canada, 22 Oct 2020. Video file.

Egnatz, Nick. 2016. “On Social Justice through Monetary Reform”. Presentation at the 11th AMI Conference, Chicago, September 2015. AMI on YouTube. 27 Jan 2016.

Hammon, Virginia. 2019. "How We Can Pay for a Better World: Change the Money System". How We Pay for a Better World. YouTube. 30 Aug 2019.

Hammon, Virginia. 2020. "A Solution to the Crisis - Just Money Now!". How We Pay for a Better World. YouTube. 21 July 2020.

Huber, Joseph. 2016. "How The Money System Works". Presentation at the American Monetary Institute Conference, 2016. American Monetary Institute on YouTube. 16 Dec 2016.

Kucinich, Dennis. 2012. “The Key to Economic Recovery; Kucinich Explains Monetary Reform”. DJ Kucinich on YouTube. 8 May 2012.

Kucinich, Dennis. 2009. "Dennis Kucinich addresses AMI Monetary Reform Conference Participants 2009". Presentation at the 5th AMI Conference, Chicago, September 27, 2009. AMI on YouTube. 13 Oct 2009.

Kucinich, Dennis. 2010. “Dennis Kucinich 5 Minutes on Money on House Floor”. AMI on YouTube. 16 Aug 2010.

Kucinich, Dennis. 2010. “Dennis Kucinich speaks on the American Monetary Act in House of Representatives - Part 1”. AMI on YouTube. 8 June 2010.

Kumhof, Michael. 2019. "Banks are not Intermediaries of Loanable Funds". Positiva Pengar on YouTube. 13 July 2019.

Kuypers, Stef. 2018. "Man Made Money". TEDxTalks on YouTube, 16 Feb 2018.

Positive Money. Collection of Videos. Positive Money on YouTube.

Positive Money. 2011. "A Simple Solution to the Debt Crisis". Positive Money on YouTube. 13 Aug 2011.

Positive Money. 2012. "House Prices: Why are they so high?". Positive Money on YouTube. 18 Sept 2012.

Positive Money. 2012. "Why is there so much Debt?". Positive Money on YouTube. 24 Oct 2012.

Positive Money. 2013. "What Is Money?". Positive Money on YouTube. 13 May 2013.

Positive Money. 2013. "Inequality: Why are the rich getting richer?". Positive Money on YouTube. 2 Aug 2013.

Positive Money. 2013. “10 year old explains the truth about where money comes from…" Positive Money on YouTube. 4 Sep 2013.

Positive Money. 2014. "Could These 3 Simple Changes to Banking Fix the Economy?" Positive Money on YouTube. 16 Jan 2014.

Positive Money. 2014. "How to waste £445 billion? (The Failure of Quantitative Easing)". Positive Money on YouTube. 27 June 2014

Positive Money. 2014. "Banking 101". 6 Videos. Positive Money on YouTube. 30 June 2014.

Positive Money. 2019. "It's the banks, stupid". Positive Money on YouTube. 8 Aug 2019.

Melor, Mary. 2010. "Money is Us: The Social and Public Nature of Money". Presentation at the Positive Money Student Conference on Monetary Reform and Fractional Reserve Banking. In three parts. Positive Money on YouTube. 14 Dec 2010.

Morris, Miriam. 2013. "How to change the money system". Presentation at the Positive Money Conference, January 2013. Positive Money on YouTube. 12 Mar 2013.

Poteat, Robert. 2010. "The Case for Monetary Reform". Presentation at the 6th Annual AMI Conference, Chicago, September 2010. AMI on YouTube. 14 Oct 2010. [Not complete]

Switzer, Howard. 2017. "Climate Change and Money: Hacking at the Root". Presentation at the 2017 Democracy Convention, Minneapolis, MS. AMI on YouTube. 14 Aug 2017.

The Monetary Institute. 2018. "Our Money, Our Banks, Our Country - Money Creation in the Modern Economy". Conference held in Zurich, Switzerland on February 5, 2018. l

Turner, Aidar. 2015. "A new era for monetary policy". Positive Money on YouTube. 17 Feb 2015.

Walton, Jamie et al. 2017. "On Public Money: The Need Act". Presentation at the 2017 Democracy Convention, Minneapolis, MS. AMI on YouTube. 26 Aug 2017.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2009. “Nationalize the Fed: End Banks Power to Create Money”. Recorded 2 May 2009. YouTube. 22 June 2009.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2010. "AMI's Purpose, Objectives and Methodology". Presentation at the 6th Annual AMI Conference, Chicago, September 2010. AMI on YouTube. 13 Oct 2010.

Zarlenga, Stephen. 2010. "Introduction to The American Monetary Institute ". AMI on YouTube. 4 Jan 2010.

C. OTHER MONETARY REFORM AND THEORY VIDEOS OF INTEREST

Altraide, Dagogo. 2017. "Who Controls All of Our Money?". ColdFusion on YouTube. 11 June 2017.

Altraide, Dagogo. 2020. "How is Money Created? – Everything You Need to Know.". ColdFusion on YouTube. 8 June 2020.

Anon. “Solutions Unincorporated – My Name Is William”. Interview with William Abram. D See Video Productions. 4 Feb 2013.

Anon. 2012. “Where does money come from? Waar komt geld vandaan? Var kommer pengarna ifrån?” Vastgoedzeepbel, 21 Nov 2012. .

Anon. 2013. “Hitler finds out how money is created". Ville livarinen. 18 Sep 2013.

Bjerg, Ole. 2016. “Where does money come from?TEDxCopenhagen. 24 May 2016.

Brown, Ellen. 2016. "Taking Back the Money Power: The Public Option in Banking". (Q&A). Argusfest on YouTube, 13 Nov 2016.

Bruce, Jim. 2013. "Money for Nothing: Inside the Federal Reserve". Liberty Street Films, 7 June 2013.

Conference videos: The Future of Money – 10 years after Lehman and Nakamoto. November 2018, Frankfurt, Germany. Frankfurt School of Finance and Management.

Conference videos: The Future of Money – Central Bank Digital Currency and Beyond. 15 June 2019, Stockholm, Sweden. Positiva Pengar

Corbett, James. 2014. "Century of Enslavement". The Corbett Report. 11 July 2014.

Dalio, Ray. 2013. “How The Economic Machine Works“. YouTube, 22 Sept 2013.

Desan, Christine. 2011. “Booms and Busts: The Legal Dynamics of Modern Money “. OpenCulture.com, 12.

Desan, Christine A. 2013. “Modern Money & Public Purpose 5: Constitutional History ”. Presentation at seminar, “Money, Democracy and the Constitution: Revolutionary Experience in the United States”. Modern Money Network. 16 Mar 2013.

Desan, Christine. 2017. “The Dollar as a Democratic Medium: Making Money a Currency of Social Justice ”. HLS Thinks Big, 23 May 2017.

Graeber, David. 2017. “Where Did Money Really Come From? ”. YouTube. 17 Oct 2017.

Grant, Victoria. “http://www.publicbankinginstitute.org/victoria_grant_videos" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">12 year old child reveals one of the best kept secrets in the world”. Public Banking Institute. 5 May 2013.

Horwath, Mike & Oswald, Michael. 2012. "97% Owned - Economic Truth documentary - How is Money Created ". Documentary. Independent POV. YouTube. May 1 2012.

Huber, Joseph. 2018. "Vollgeld - Yes, Implementing a Sovereign Money System". Presentation at "Our Money, Our Banks, Our Country - Money Creation in the Modern Economy" conference by The Monetary Institute, Zürich, February 2018. The Monetary Institute on YouTube. 23 April 2018.

Klein, Manuel et al. 2018. Conference videos and papers. Berlin, Germany: Monetative. 24 Nov 2018.

Kotlikoff, Larry. 2018. "Why I Support Sovereign Money". Presentation at "Our Money, Our Banks, Our Country - Money Creation in the Modern Economy" conference by The Monetary Institute, Zürich, February 2018. The Monetary Institute on YouTube. 23 April 2018.

Kumhof, Micheal. 2013. “The Chicago Plan Revisited “. London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). 22 Nov 2013.

Monetary Institute. Collection of Presentations. From "Our Money, Our Banks, Our Country - Money Creation in the Modern Economy" conference by the Monetary Institute, Zürich, February 2018. The Monetary Institute on YouTube.

Niepelt, Dirk & Rimkus, Ron. 2016. “Contemplating the End of Fractional Reserve Banking in Switzerland”. CFA Institute.

Orrrefur, Samuel K. et al (Eds.). 2019. “The Future of Money: Central Bank Digital Currency and Beyond “. Conference videos. Stockholm: Positiva Pengar. 15 June 2019.

Oswald, Michael. 2014. “Princes of the Yen: Central Banks and the Transformation of the Economy”. Documentary. Independent POV. YouTube. 4 Nov 2014.

Oxley, James. 2014. “Money creation in the modern economy - Quarterly Bulletin Article”. Bank of England on YouTube. 12 Mar 2014.

Oxley, James. 2014. “Money in the modern economy: An introduction - Quarterly Bulletin Article”. Bank of England on YouTube. 12 Mar 2014.

Permanent Commission on Finance. 2015. “Round table conversation on the money system“. Hearing at the Permanent Commission on Finance of the Second Chamber of the States General of the Netherlands. Troelstra Hall. 14 Oct 2015.

Public Banking Institute. Collection of Videos. Argusfest on YouTube.

Rosenblith, Alan. 2009. “The Money Fix - A Documentary for Monetary Reform ”.

Titus, John. 2019. "Mommy, Where Does Money Come From?". BestEvidence on YouTube. 15 April 2019.

Still, Bill. 2013. "Jekyll Island: The Truth Behind The Federal Reserve". YouTube, 7 April 2018.

Vollgeld Initiative & Studierende für die Freiheit & Hayek Club. 2017.“Monetary reform and the future of money”. Panel discussion at the University of Zürich.

Vrabel, Damon. “Renaissance 2.0 – the Rise of Financial Empire”. csper.org. 9 Jan 2012.

Vrabel, Damon.”Debunking Money – The Way the World Really Works”. csper.org. 10 Jan 2012.

Werner, Richard. 2018. "Today’s Source of Money Creation". Presentation at "Our Money, Our Banks, Our Country - Money Creation in the Modern Economy" conference by The Monetary Institute, Zürich, February 2018. The Monetary Institute on YouTube. 23 April 2018.

Wortmann, Edgar. 2015. “Verkenning van de monetaire werkelijkheid [Exploring Monetary Reality]”. In English. Presentation at the University of Leiden. In two parts. (part 1); (part 2).

Wolf, Martin. 2014. "Stop banks from creating money". Presentation at "Does Money Grow on Trees?" event, 9 Sept 2014. Positive Money on YouTube. 14 Oct 2014.

Wolf, Martin. 2014. "On Radical Reform for the Global Financial System". Presentation at the New York Council on Foreign Relations, 17 Oct 2014. Council on Foreign Relations on YouTube. 17 Oct 2014.

Wolf, Martin. 2014. "Case for Radical Monetary Refrom". Keynote speech at "Bridging Theory and Practice" conference organized by the Sustainable Finance Lab, Amsterdam, 14 Dec 2016. Sustainable Finance Lab on YouTube. 16 Oct 2018. (Accompanying slides)

H. Other Relevant Background Studies

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Perry, Geraldine. 2008d. "The World According to Derivatives: History Repeats as the Off-Balance Sheet Money Supply Explodes, Then Contracts, Part 4 of 7". Dissident Voice (10 Oct 2008).

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